Simulation Experiments in Practice: Statistical Design and Regression Analysis

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In practice, simulation analysts often change only one factor at a time, and use graphical analysis of the resulting Input/Output (I/O) data. Statistical theory proves that more information is obtained when applying Design Of Experiments (DOE) and linear regression analysis. Unfortunately, classic theory assumes a single simulation response that is normally and independently distributed with a constant variance; moreover, the regression (meta)model of the simulation model’s I/O behaviour is assumed to have residuals with zero means. This article addresses the following questions: (i) How realistic are these assumptions, in practice? (ii) How can these assumptions be tested? (iii) If assumptions are violated, can the simulation's I/O data be transformed such that the assumptions do hold? (iv) If not, which alternative statistical methods can then be applied?
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTilburg
PublisherOperations research
Number of pages22
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Publication series

NameCentER Discussion Paper


  • metamodels
  • experimental designs
  • generalized least squares
  • multivariate analysis
  • normality
  • jackknife
  • bootstrap
  • heteroscedasticity
  • common random numbers
  • validation


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