Single and multiple clinical syndromes in incarcerated offenders

Associations with dissociative experiences and emotionality

C. Garofalo, P. Velotti, Cristina Crocamo, Giuseppe Carrá

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

The present study examined the prevalence and correlates of clinical syndromes in a large group (N = 438) of incarcerated violent offenders, looking at differences between inmates with one and those with more than one clinical syndromes. More than a half of the sample (57%) reported clinically relevant symptoms for at least one clinical syndrome (n = 252), and the majority of them (38%) reported more syndromes in comorbidity (n = 169). Increased severity of clinical conditions (none, one, more than one syndrome) corresponded with significantly greater levels of personality disorder traits, psychological
symptoms, dissociation, and negative emotionality, with large effect sizes. After
controlling for co-occurrence of personality disorder traits and other symptoms, the presence of more than one comorbid syndrome significantly predicted unique variance in dissociation (positively) and positive emotionality (negatively). The presence of one clinical syndrome significantly and positively predicted negative emotionality. Findings support the possibility that the complexity, and not just the presence, of psychopathology could identify different groups of inmates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1300–1316
JournalInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Volume62
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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Emotionality
Syndrome
Offenders
Comorbidity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Personality Disorders
Dissociation
Effect Size
Co-occurrence
Psychopathology

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Comorbidity
  • Dissociative Disorders/diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders/diagnosis
  • Negativism
  • Prisoners/psychology
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales

Cite this

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title = "Single and multiple clinical syndromes in incarcerated offenders: Associations with dissociative experiences and emotionality",
abstract = "The present study examined the prevalence and correlates of clinical syndromes in a large group (N = 438) of incarcerated violent offenders, looking at differences between inmates with one and those with more than one clinical syndromes. More than a half of the sample (57{\%}) reported clinically relevant symptoms for at least one clinical syndrome (n = 252), and the majority of them (38{\%}) reported more syndromes in comorbidity (n = 169). Increased severity of clinical conditions (none, one, more than one syndrome) corresponded with significantly greater levels of personality disorder traits, psychologicalsymptoms, dissociation, and negative emotionality, with large effect sizes. Aftercontrolling for co-occurrence of personality disorder traits and other symptoms, the presence of more than one comorbid syndrome significantly predicted unique variance in dissociation (positively) and positive emotionality (negatively). The presence of one clinical syndrome significantly and positively predicted negative emotionality. Findings support the possibility that the complexity, and not just the presence, of psychopathology could identify different groups of inmates.",
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year = "2018",
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language = "English",
volume = "62",
pages = "1300–1316",
journal = "International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology",
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Single and multiple clinical syndromes in incarcerated offenders : Associations with dissociative experiences and emotionality. / Garofalo, C.; Velotti, P.; Crocamo, Cristina; Carrá, Giuseppe .

In: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, Vol. 62, No. 5, 2018, p. 1300–1316.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Single and multiple clinical syndromes in incarcerated offenders

T2 - Associations with dissociative experiences and emotionality

AU - Garofalo, C.

AU - Velotti, P.

AU - Crocamo, Cristina

AU - Carrá, Giuseppe

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - The present study examined the prevalence and correlates of clinical syndromes in a large group (N = 438) of incarcerated violent offenders, looking at differences between inmates with one and those with more than one clinical syndromes. More than a half of the sample (57%) reported clinically relevant symptoms for at least one clinical syndrome (n = 252), and the majority of them (38%) reported more syndromes in comorbidity (n = 169). Increased severity of clinical conditions (none, one, more than one syndrome) corresponded with significantly greater levels of personality disorder traits, psychologicalsymptoms, dissociation, and negative emotionality, with large effect sizes. Aftercontrolling for co-occurrence of personality disorder traits and other symptoms, the presence of more than one comorbid syndrome significantly predicted unique variance in dissociation (positively) and positive emotionality (negatively). The presence of one clinical syndrome significantly and positively predicted negative emotionality. Findings support the possibility that the complexity, and not just the presence, of psychopathology could identify different groups of inmates.

AB - The present study examined the prevalence and correlates of clinical syndromes in a large group (N = 438) of incarcerated violent offenders, looking at differences between inmates with one and those with more than one clinical syndromes. More than a half of the sample (57%) reported clinically relevant symptoms for at least one clinical syndrome (n = 252), and the majority of them (38%) reported more syndromes in comorbidity (n = 169). Increased severity of clinical conditions (none, one, more than one syndrome) corresponded with significantly greater levels of personality disorder traits, psychologicalsymptoms, dissociation, and negative emotionality, with large effect sizes. Aftercontrolling for co-occurrence of personality disorder traits and other symptoms, the presence of more than one comorbid syndrome significantly predicted unique variance in dissociation (positively) and positive emotionality (negatively). The presence of one clinical syndrome significantly and positively predicted negative emotionality. Findings support the possibility that the complexity, and not just the presence, of psychopathology could identify different groups of inmates.

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KW - Comorbidity

KW - Dissociative Disorders/diagnosis

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KW - Male

KW - Mental Disorders/diagnosis

KW - Negativism

KW - Prisoners/psychology

KW - Psychiatric Status Rating Scales

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