Social-ecological systems as complex adaptive systems

modeling and policy implications

S.A. Levin, A. Xepapadeas, A.S. Crépin, J. Norberg, A.J. de Zeeuw, C. Folke, T.P. Hughes, K.J. Arrow, S. Barrett, G. Daily, P. Ehrlich, N. Kautsky, K-G. Mäler, S. Polasky, M. Troell, J.R. Vincent, B. Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Systems linking people and nature, known as social-ecological systems, are increasingly understood as complex adaptive systems. Essential features of these complex adaptive systems – such as nonlinear feedbacks, strategic interactions, individual and spatial heterogeneity, and varying time scales – pose substantial challenges for modeling. However, ignoring these characteristics can distort our picture of how these systems work, causing policies to be less effective or even counterproductive. In this paper we present recent developments in modeling social-ecological systems, illustrate some of these challenges with examples related to coral reefs and grasslands, and identify the implications for economic and policy analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-132
JournalEnvironment and Development Economics
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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ecological system
social system
policy analysis
economic analysis
modeling
coral reef
grassland
timescale
policy
Complex adaptive systems
Social-ecological systems
System modeling
Policy implications
Modeling
interaction
economics
Nature
Spatial heterogeneity
Policy analysis
Coral reefs

Cite this

Levin, S.A. ; Xepapadeas, A. ; Crépin, A.S. ; Norberg, J. ; de Zeeuw, A.J. ; Folke, C. ; Hughes, T.P. ; Arrow, K.J. ; Barrett, S. ; Daily, G. ; Ehrlich, P. ; Kautsky, N. ; Mäler, K-G. ; Polasky, S. ; Troell, M. ; Vincent, J.R. ; Walker, B. / Social-ecological systems as complex adaptive systems : modeling and policy implications. In: Environment and Development Economics. 2013 ; Vol. 18, No. 2. pp. 111-132.
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abstract = "Systems linking people and nature, known as social-ecological systems, are increasingly understood as complex adaptive systems. Essential features of these complex adaptive systems – such as nonlinear feedbacks, strategic interactions, individual and spatial heterogeneity, and varying time scales – pose substantial challenges for modeling. However, ignoring these characteristics can distort our picture of how these systems work, causing policies to be less effective or even counterproductive. In this paper we present recent developments in modeling social-ecological systems, illustrate some of these challenges with examples related to coral reefs and grasslands, and identify the implications for economic and policy analysis.",
author = "S.A. Levin and A. Xepapadeas and A.S. Cr{\'e}pin and J. Norberg and {de Zeeuw}, A.J. and C. Folke and T.P. Hughes and K.J. Arrow and S. Barrett and G. Daily and P. Ehrlich and N. Kautsky and K-G. M{\"a}ler and S. Polasky and M. Troell and J.R. Vincent and B. Walker",
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Levin, SA, Xepapadeas, A, Crépin, AS, Norberg, J, de Zeeuw, AJ, Folke, C, Hughes, TP, Arrow, KJ, Barrett, S, Daily, G, Ehrlich, P, Kautsky, N, Mäler, K-G, Polasky, S, Troell, M, Vincent, JR & Walker, B 2013, 'Social-ecological systems as complex adaptive systems: modeling and policy implications', Environment and Development Economics, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 111-132. https://doi.org/10.1017/s1355770x12000460

Social-ecological systems as complex adaptive systems : modeling and policy implications. / Levin, S.A.; Xepapadeas, A.; Crépin, A.S.; Norberg, J.; de Zeeuw, A.J.; Folke, C.; Hughes, T.P.; Arrow, K.J.; Barrett, S.; Daily, G.; Ehrlich, P.; Kautsky, N.; Mäler, K-G.; Polasky, S.; Troell, M.; Vincent, J.R.; Walker, B.

In: Environment and Development Economics, Vol. 18, No. 2, 2013, p. 111-132.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social-ecological systems as complex adaptive systems

T2 - modeling and policy implications

AU - Levin, S.A.

AU - Xepapadeas, A.

AU - Crépin, A.S.

AU - Norberg, J.

AU - de Zeeuw, A.J.

AU - Folke, C.

AU - Hughes, T.P.

AU - Arrow, K.J.

AU - Barrett, S.

AU - Daily, G.

AU - Ehrlich, P.

AU - Kautsky, N.

AU - Mäler, K-G.

AU - Polasky, S.

AU - Troell, M.

AU - Vincent, J.R.

AU - Walker, B.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Systems linking people and nature, known as social-ecological systems, are increasingly understood as complex adaptive systems. Essential features of these complex adaptive systems – such as nonlinear feedbacks, strategic interactions, individual and spatial heterogeneity, and varying time scales – pose substantial challenges for modeling. However, ignoring these characteristics can distort our picture of how these systems work, causing policies to be less effective or even counterproductive. In this paper we present recent developments in modeling social-ecological systems, illustrate some of these challenges with examples related to coral reefs and grasslands, and identify the implications for economic and policy analysis.

AB - Systems linking people and nature, known as social-ecological systems, are increasingly understood as complex adaptive systems. Essential features of these complex adaptive systems – such as nonlinear feedbacks, strategic interactions, individual and spatial heterogeneity, and varying time scales – pose substantial challenges for modeling. However, ignoring these characteristics can distort our picture of how these systems work, causing policies to be less effective or even counterproductive. In this paper we present recent developments in modeling social-ecological systems, illustrate some of these challenges with examples related to coral reefs and grasslands, and identify the implications for economic and policy analysis.

U2 - 10.1017/s1355770x12000460

DO - 10.1017/s1355770x12000460

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JO - Environment and Development Economics

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