Social inhibition and emotional distress in patients with coronary artery disease: The type D personality construct

I.A.L. Timmermans*, H. Versteeg, S.N.C. Duijndam, C. Graafmans, P. Polak, J. Denollet

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
19 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

We examined the validity of the social inhibition component of Type D, its distinctiveness from negative affectivity, and value regarding emotional distress as measured with the DS14 in 173 coronary artery disease patients. In dimensional analysis, social inhibition and negative affectivity emerged as distinct traits. Analysis of continuous negative affectivity and social inhibition measures showed main effects for several emotional and inhibition markers and an interaction effect for social anxiety. Categorical analysis indicated that Type D patients reported more depression, negative mood, social anxiety, and less positive mood. Social inhibition is not a redundant trait, but has additional conceptual value
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1929-1944
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Volume24
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • BLOOD-PRESSURE REACTIONS
  • CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE
  • CORTISOL RESPONSES
  • HEALTHY-MEN
  • INCIDENT HYPERTENSION
  • ISCHEMIC-HEART-DISEASE
  • MENTAL STRESS
  • NEGATIVE AFFECTIVITY
  • PROGNOSTIC VALUE
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS
  • Type D personality
  • coronary artery disease
  • emotional distress
  • social inhibition

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