Social norms as solutions

K. Nyborg, J.M. Anderies, Astrid Dannenberg, Therese Lindahl, Caroline Schill, Maja Schluter, W. Neil Adger, K.J. Arrow, S. Barrett, Steven Carpenter, F.S. Chapin III, A.S. Crépin, G. Daily, P. Ehrlich, C. Folke, Wander Jager, N. Kautsky, S.A. Levin, Ole Jacob Madsen, S. Polasky & 6 others M. Scheffer, B. Walker, Elke U. Weber, J. Wilen, A. Xepapadeas, Aart de Zeeuw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Climate change, biodiversity loss, antibiotic resistance, and other global challenges pose major collective action problems: A group benefits from a certain action, but no individual has sufficient incentive to act alone. Formal institutions, e.g., laws and treaties, have helped address issues like ozone depletion, lead pollution, and acid rain. However, formal institutions are not always able to enforce collectively desirable outcomes. In such cases, informal institutions, such as social norms, can be important. If conditions are right, policy can support social norm changes, helping address even global problems. To judge when this is realistic, and what role policy can play, we discuss three crucial questions: Is a tipping point likely to exist, such that vicious cycles of socially damaging behavior can potentially be turned into virtuous ones? Can policy create tipping points where none exist? Can policy push the system past the tipping point?
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-43
Number of pages2
JournalScience
Volume354
Issue number6308
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2016

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Social Norms
social norm
collective behavior
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biodiversity
climate change
incentive
Law
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Nyborg, K., Anderies, J. M., Dannenberg, A., Lindahl, T., Schill, C., Schluter, M., ... de Zeeuw, A. (2016). Social norms as solutions. Science, 354(6308), 42-43. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf8317
Nyborg, K. ; Anderies, J.M. ; Dannenberg, Astrid ; Lindahl, Therese ; Schill, Caroline ; Schluter, Maja ; Adger, W. Neil ; Arrow, K.J. ; Barrett, S. ; Carpenter, Steven ; Chapin III, F.S. ; Crépin, A.S. ; Daily, G. ; Ehrlich, P. ; Folke, C. ; Jager, Wander ; Kautsky, N. ; Levin, S.A. ; Madsen, Ole Jacob ; Polasky, S. ; Scheffer, M. ; Walker, B. ; Weber, Elke U. ; Wilen, J. ; Xepapadeas, A. ; de Zeeuw, Aart. / Social norms as solutions. In: Science. 2016 ; Vol. 354, No. 6308. pp. 42-43.
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title = "Social norms as solutions",
abstract = "Climate change, biodiversity loss, antibiotic resistance, and other global challenges pose major collective action problems: A group benefits from a certain action, but no individual has sufficient incentive to act alone. Formal institutions, e.g., laws and treaties, have helped address issues like ozone depletion, lead pollution, and acid rain. However, formal institutions are not always able to enforce collectively desirable outcomes. In such cases, informal institutions, such as social norms, can be important. If conditions are right, policy can support social norm changes, helping address even global problems. To judge when this is realistic, and what role policy can play, we discuss three crucial questions: Is a tipping point likely to exist, such that vicious cycles of socially damaging behavior can potentially be turned into virtuous ones? Can policy create tipping points where none exist? Can policy push the system past the tipping point?",
author = "K. Nyborg and J.M. Anderies and Astrid Dannenberg and Therese Lindahl and Caroline Schill and Maja Schluter and Adger, {W. Neil} and K.J. Arrow and S. Barrett and Steven Carpenter and {Chapin III}, F.S. and A.S. Cr{\'e}pin and G. Daily and P. Ehrlich and C. Folke and Wander Jager and N. Kautsky and S.A. Levin and Madsen, {Ole Jacob} and S. Polasky and M. Scheffer and B. Walker and Weber, {Elke U.} and J. Wilen and A. Xepapadeas and {de Zeeuw}, Aart",
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Nyborg, K, Anderies, JM, Dannenberg, A, Lindahl, T, Schill, C, Schluter, M, Adger, WN, Arrow, KJ, Barrett, S, Carpenter, S, Chapin III, FS, Crépin, AS, Daily, G, Ehrlich, P, Folke, C, Jager, W, Kautsky, N, Levin, SA, Madsen, OJ, Polasky, S, Scheffer, M, Walker, B, Weber, EU, Wilen, J, Xepapadeas, A & de Zeeuw, A 2016, 'Social norms as solutions', Science, vol. 354, no. 6308, pp. 42-43. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf8317

Social norms as solutions. / Nyborg, K.; Anderies, J.M.; Dannenberg, Astrid; Lindahl, Therese; Schill, Caroline; Schluter, Maja; Adger, W. Neil; Arrow, K.J.; Barrett, S.; Carpenter, Steven; Chapin III, F.S.; Crépin, A.S.; Daily, G.; Ehrlich, P.; Folke, C.; Jager, Wander; Kautsky, N.; Levin, S.A.; Madsen, Ole Jacob; Polasky, S.; Scheffer, M.; Walker, B.; Weber, Elke U.; Wilen, J.; Xepapadeas, A.; de Zeeuw, Aart.

In: Science, Vol. 354, No. 6308, 07.10.2016, p. 42-43.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social norms as solutions

AU - Nyborg, K.

AU - Anderies, J.M.

AU - Dannenberg, Astrid

AU - Lindahl, Therese

AU - Schill, Caroline

AU - Schluter, Maja

AU - Adger, W. Neil

AU - Arrow, K.J.

AU - Barrett, S.

AU - Carpenter, Steven

AU - Chapin III, F.S.

AU - Crépin, A.S.

AU - Daily, G.

AU - Ehrlich, P.

AU - Folke, C.

AU - Jager, Wander

AU - Kautsky, N.

AU - Levin, S.A.

AU - Madsen, Ole Jacob

AU - Polasky, S.

AU - Scheffer, M.

AU - Walker, B.

AU - Weber, Elke U.

AU - Wilen, J.

AU - Xepapadeas, A.

AU - de Zeeuw, Aart

PY - 2016/10/7

Y1 - 2016/10/7

N2 - Climate change, biodiversity loss, antibiotic resistance, and other global challenges pose major collective action problems: A group benefits from a certain action, but no individual has sufficient incentive to act alone. Formal institutions, e.g., laws and treaties, have helped address issues like ozone depletion, lead pollution, and acid rain. However, formal institutions are not always able to enforce collectively desirable outcomes. In such cases, informal institutions, such as social norms, can be important. If conditions are right, policy can support social norm changes, helping address even global problems. To judge when this is realistic, and what role policy can play, we discuss three crucial questions: Is a tipping point likely to exist, such that vicious cycles of socially damaging behavior can potentially be turned into virtuous ones? Can policy create tipping points where none exist? Can policy push the system past the tipping point?

AB - Climate change, biodiversity loss, antibiotic resistance, and other global challenges pose major collective action problems: A group benefits from a certain action, but no individual has sufficient incentive to act alone. Formal institutions, e.g., laws and treaties, have helped address issues like ozone depletion, lead pollution, and acid rain. However, formal institutions are not always able to enforce collectively desirable outcomes. In such cases, informal institutions, such as social norms, can be important. If conditions are right, policy can support social norm changes, helping address even global problems. To judge when this is realistic, and what role policy can play, we discuss three crucial questions: Is a tipping point likely to exist, such that vicious cycles of socially damaging behavior can potentially be turned into virtuous ones? Can policy create tipping points where none exist? Can policy push the system past the tipping point?

U2 - 10.1126/science.aaf8317

DO - 10.1126/science.aaf8317

M3 - Article

VL - 354

SP - 42

EP - 43

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

IS - 6308

ER -

Nyborg K, Anderies JM, Dannenberg A, Lindahl T, Schill C, Schluter M et al. Social norms as solutions. Science. 2016 Oct 7;354(6308):42-43. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf8317