Socio-economic inequalities in children's snack consumption and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption: The contribution of home environmental factors

Wilke J. C. van Ansem*, Frank J. van Lenthe, Carola T. M. Schrijvers, Gerda Rodenburg, Dike van de Mheen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present study, we examined the association between maternal education and unhealthy eating behaviour (the consumption of snack and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB)) and explored environmental factors that might mediate this association in 11-year-old children. These environmental factors include home availability of snacks and SSB, parental rules about snack and SSB consumption, parental intake of snacks and SSB, peer sensitivity and children's snack-purchasing behaviour. Data were obtained from the fourth wave of the INPACT (IVO Nutrition and Physical Activity Child cohorT) study (2011), in which 1318 parent-child dyads completed a questionnaire. Data were analysed using multivariate regression models. Children of mothers with an intermediate educational level were found to consume more snacks than those of mothers with a high educational level (B = 1.22, P = 0.02). This association was not mediated by environmental factors. Children of mothers with a low educational level were found to consume more SSB than those of mothers with a high educational level (B = 0.63, P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)467-476
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume112
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Home environmental determinants
  • Sugar-sweetened beverage consumption
  • Snack consumption
  • Socio-economic status
  • Peer influence
  • Food purchasing
  • BALANCE-RELATED BEHAVIORS
  • OBESITY-RELATED BEHAVIORS
  • SOFT DRINK CONSUMPTION
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • EATING BEHAVIORS
  • PARENTING PRACTICES
  • CHILDHOOD OBESITY
  • VEGETABLE INTAKE
  • ENERGY-PROJECT
  • US CHILDREN

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