Sociodemographic factors influencing the use of eHealth in people with chronic diseases

F. Reiners, J. Sturm, L.W.J. Bouw, E.J.M. Wouters

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Alongside the growing number of older persons, the prevalence of chronic diseases is increasing, leading to higher pressure on health care services. eHealth is considered a solution for better and more efficient health care. However, not every patient is able to use eHealth, for several reasons. This study aims to provide an overview of: (1) sociodemographic factors that influence the use of eHealth; and (2) suggest directions for interventions that will improve the use of eHealth in patients with chronic disease. A structured literature review of PubMed, ScienceDirect, Association for Computing Machinery Digital Library (ACMDL), and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) was conducted using four sets of keywords: “chronic disease”, “eHealth”, “factors”, and “suggested interventions”. Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-method studies were included. Four researchers each assessed quality and extracted data. Twenty-two out of 1639 articles were included. Higher age and lower income, lower education, living alone, and living in rural areas were found to be associated with lower eHealth use. Ethnicity revealed mixed outcomes. Suggested solutions were personalized support, social support, use of different types of Internet devices to deliver eHealth, and involvement of patients in the development of eHealth interventions. It is concluded that eHealth is least used by persons who need it most. Tailored delivery of eHealth is recommended.
Original languageEnglish
Article number645
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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Delivery of Health Care
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Health Services
Education
Equipment and Supplies
Data Accuracy

Keywords

  • ACCESS
  • CARE
  • DEVICES
  • DIGITAL DIVIDE
  • HEALTH
  • INTERNET
  • TELEHEALTH
  • chronic diseases
  • digital divide
  • eHealth
  • interventions
  • sociodemographic factors
  • technology

Cite this

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title = "Sociodemographic factors influencing the use of eHealth in people with chronic diseases",
abstract = "Alongside the growing number of older persons, the prevalence of chronic diseases is increasing, leading to higher pressure on health care services. eHealth is considered a solution for better and more efficient health care. However, not every patient is able to use eHealth, for several reasons. This study aims to provide an overview of: (1) sociodemographic factors that influence the use of eHealth; and (2) suggest directions for interventions that will improve the use of eHealth in patients with chronic disease. A structured literature review of PubMed, ScienceDirect, Association for Computing Machinery Digital Library (ACMDL), and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) was conducted using four sets of keywords: “chronic disease”, “eHealth”, “factors”, and “suggested interventions”. Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-method studies were included. Four researchers each assessed quality and extracted data. Twenty-two out of 1639 articles were included. Higher age and lower income, lower education, living alone, and living in rural areas were found to be associated with lower eHealth use. Ethnicity revealed mixed outcomes. Suggested solutions were personalized support, social support, use of different types of Internet devices to deliver eHealth, and involvement of patients in the development of eHealth interventions. It is concluded that eHealth is least used by persons who need it most. Tailored delivery of eHealth is recommended.",
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year = "2019",
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Sociodemographic factors influencing the use of eHealth in people with chronic diseases. / Reiners, F.; Sturm, J.; Bouw, L.W.J.; Wouters, E.J.M.

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 16, No. 4, 645, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

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AU - Bouw, L.W.J.

AU - Wouters, E.J.M.

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AB - Alongside the growing number of older persons, the prevalence of chronic diseases is increasing, leading to higher pressure on health care services. eHealth is considered a solution for better and more efficient health care. However, not every patient is able to use eHealth, for several reasons. This study aims to provide an overview of: (1) sociodemographic factors that influence the use of eHealth; and (2) suggest directions for interventions that will improve the use of eHealth in patients with chronic disease. A structured literature review of PubMed, ScienceDirect, Association for Computing Machinery Digital Library (ACMDL), and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) was conducted using four sets of keywords: “chronic disease”, “eHealth”, “factors”, and “suggested interventions”. Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-method studies were included. Four researchers each assessed quality and extracted data. Twenty-two out of 1639 articles were included. Higher age and lower income, lower education, living alone, and living in rural areas were found to be associated with lower eHealth use. Ethnicity revealed mixed outcomes. Suggested solutions were personalized support, social support, use of different types of Internet devices to deliver eHealth, and involvement of patients in the development of eHealth interventions. It is concluded that eHealth is least used by persons who need it most. Tailored delivery of eHealth is recommended.

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KW - digital divide

KW - eHealth

KW - interventions

KW - sociodemographic factors

KW - technology

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JO - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

JF - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

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