### Abstract

Original language | English |
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Journal | Discrete Mathematics |

DOIs | |

Publication status | E-pub ahead of print - Feb 2018 |

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### Keywords

- graph spectrum
- spectral characterization

### Cite this

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**Spectral characterization of mixed extensions of small graphs.** / Haemers, Willem H.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spectral characterization of mixed extensions of small graphs

AU - Haemers, Willem H.

PY - 2018/2

Y1 - 2018/2

N2 - A mixed extension of a graph $G$ is a graph $H$ obtained from $G$ by replacing each vertex of $G$ by a clique or a coclique, where vertices of $H$ coming from different vertices of $G$ are adjacent if and only if the original vertices are adjacent in $G$. If $G$ has no more than three vertices, $H$ has all but at most three adjacency eigenvalues equal to $0$ or $-1$. In this paper we consider the converse problem, and determine the class $\cal G$ of all graphs with at most three eigenvalues unequal to $0$ and $-1$. Ignoring isolated vertices, we find that $\cal G$ consists of all mixed extensions of graphs on at most three vertices together with some particular mixed extensions of the paths $P_4$ and $P_5$.

AB - A mixed extension of a graph $G$ is a graph $H$ obtained from $G$ by replacing each vertex of $G$ by a clique or a coclique, where vertices of $H$ coming from different vertices of $G$ are adjacent if and only if the original vertices are adjacent in $G$. If $G$ has no more than three vertices, $H$ has all but at most three adjacency eigenvalues equal to $0$ or $-1$. In this paper we consider the converse problem, and determine the class $\cal G$ of all graphs with at most three eigenvalues unequal to $0$ and $-1$. Ignoring isolated vertices, we find that $\cal G$ consists of all mixed extensions of graphs on at most three vertices together with some particular mixed extensions of the paths $P_4$ and $P_5$.

KW - graph spectrum

KW - spectral characterization

U2 - 10.1016/j.disc.2018.02.005

DO - 10.1016/j.disc.2018.02.005

M3 - Article

JO - Discrete Mathematics

JF - Discrete Mathematics

SN - 0012-365X

ER -