Speeded manual responses to unseen visual stimuli in hemianopic patients: What kind of blindsight?

Alessia Celeghin, Marissa Barabas, Francesca Mancini, Matteo Bendini, Emilio Pedrotti, Massimo Prior, Anna Cantagallo, Silvia Savazzi, Carlo A. Marzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Blindsight, i.e., unconscious visually guided behaviour triggered by stimuli presented to a cortically blind hemifield, has been typically found either by using direct (forced choice) or indirect (interhemispheric) methods. However, one would expect to find blindsight also in fast responses to suddenly appearing visual stimuli, a reminiscence of evolutionary ancient adaptive behaviour. In this study we provide preliminary evidence of this form of blindsight by using a conservative method for assessing blindsight based on a comparison between the cumulative probability functions (CPFs) of simple reaction times to blind and intact field stimuli. Furthermore, in two patients with blindsight we provided evidence that their above-chance unconscious responses were likely to be triggered by the intact hemisphere.
Keywords: Reaction time, Interhemispheric transfer, Perceptual awareness, Poffenberger paradigm
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-14
JournalConsciousness and Cognition
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Reaction time
  • Interhemispheric transfer
  • Perceptual awareness
  • Poffenberger paradigm


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