Stress-induced impairment in goal-directed instrumental behaviour is moderated by baseline working memory

C.W.E.M. Quaedflieg*, H. Stoffregen, I. Sebalo, T. Smeets

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Acute stress has been found to impair goal-directed instrumental behaviour, a cognitively flexible behaviour that requires cognitive control. The current study aimed to investigate the role of individual differences in baseline and stress-induced changes in working memory (WM) on the shift to less goal-directed responding under stress. To this end, 112 healthy participants performed an instrumental learning task. In phase 1, participants learned instrumental actions that were associated with two different food rewards. In phase 2, one of these food rewards was devalued by eating until satiety. Before the extinction test in phase 3, participants were subjected to the Maastricht Acute Stress Test or a no-stress control procedure. Results showed that the effect of stress on instrumental behaviour is modulated by baseline, but not stress-induced changes in WM capacity. Specifically, only at low baseline WM capacity did stress induce a shift to less goal-directed behaviour. These findings highlight that our cognitive resources are limited and for those who already have limited resources at baseline taking into account motivational value is impaired under stress.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-49
JournalNeurobiology of Learning and Memory
Volume158
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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Short-Term Memory
Operant Conditioning
Individuality

Keywords

  • BRAIN
  • DRUG-ADDICTION
  • Goal-directed behaviour
  • HABITS
  • Instrumental learning
  • MAST
  • MECHANISMS
  • MODULATION
  • PERFORMANCE
  • PREFRONTAL CORTEX
  • PSYCHOSOCIAL STRESS
  • RESPONSES
  • Stress
  • TEST MAST
  • Working memory

Cite this

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title = "Stress-induced impairment in goal-directed instrumental behaviour is moderated by baseline working memory",
abstract = "Acute stress has been found to impair goal-directed instrumental behaviour, a cognitively flexible behaviour that requires cognitive control. The current study aimed to investigate the role of individual differences in baseline and stress-induced changes in working memory (WM) on the shift to less goal-directed responding under stress. To this end, 112 healthy participants performed an instrumental learning task. In phase 1, participants learned instrumental actions that were associated with two different food rewards. In phase 2, one of these food rewards was devalued by eating until satiety. Before the extinction test in phase 3, participants were subjected to the Maastricht Acute Stress Test or a no-stress control procedure. Results showed that the effect of stress on instrumental behaviour is modulated by baseline, but not stress-induced changes in WM capacity. Specifically, only at low baseline WM capacity did stress induce a shift to less goal-directed behaviour. These findings highlight that our cognitive resources are limited and for those who already have limited resources at baseline taking into account motivational value is impaired under stress.",
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author = "C.W.E.M. Quaedflieg and H. Stoffregen and I. Sebalo and T. Smeets",
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language = "English",
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pages = "42--49",
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Stress-induced impairment in goal-directed instrumental behaviour is moderated by baseline working memory. / Quaedflieg, C.W.E.M.; Stoffregen, H.; Sebalo, I.; Smeets, T.

In: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, Vol. 158, 2019, p. 42-49.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AB - Acute stress has been found to impair goal-directed instrumental behaviour, a cognitively flexible behaviour that requires cognitive control. The current study aimed to investigate the role of individual differences in baseline and stress-induced changes in working memory (WM) on the shift to less goal-directed responding under stress. To this end, 112 healthy participants performed an instrumental learning task. In phase 1, participants learned instrumental actions that were associated with two different food rewards. In phase 2, one of these food rewards was devalued by eating until satiety. Before the extinction test in phase 3, participants were subjected to the Maastricht Acute Stress Test or a no-stress control procedure. Results showed that the effect of stress on instrumental behaviour is modulated by baseline, but not stress-induced changes in WM capacity. Specifically, only at low baseline WM capacity did stress induce a shift to less goal-directed behaviour. These findings highlight that our cognitive resources are limited and for those who already have limited resources at baseline taking into account motivational value is impaired under stress.

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