Symptom dimensions of anxiety following myocardial infarction: Associations with depressive symptoms and prognosis

A.M. Roest, A. Heideveld, E.J. Martens, P. de Jonge, J. Denollet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Differential associations of symptom dimensions with prognosis in myocardial infarction (MI) patients have been shown for depression, but no studies have focused on anxiety dimensions. The aim of this study was to assess the association between somatic and psychological symptoms of anxiety following acute MI with adverse prognosis and to assess the overlap between anxiety and depression dimensions.
Patients (n = 418) were assessed on demographic and clinical variables. The Hamilton Anxiety and Depression Rating Scales were used to measure anxiety and depression 2 months post-MI. Mean follow-up period was 3.8 years and the endpoint consisted of all-cause mortality and recurrent MI.
After adjustment for demographic and clinical variables, somatic anxiety was significantly associated with recurrent MI and mortality (HR: 1.32; 95% CI [1.03, 1.69]; p = .03), and a trend was shown for an association between psychological anxiety and outcome (HR: 1.29; 95% CI [0.99, 1.67]; p = .06). The total anxiety score of the HARS was the strongest predictor of recurrent MI and mortality (HR: 1.38; 95% CI [1.07, 1.78]; p = .02). The HARS and the HDRS were highly correlated (r = .86; p < .01). Dimensions consisting of psychological distress (HR: 1.29; 95% CI [1.02, 1.63]; p = .03) and cardiopulmonary/autonomic symptoms (HR: 1.36; 95% CI [1.06, 1.75]; p = .02) also predicted outcome in adjusted analyses.
Anxiety was associated with adverse prognosis in MI patients with significant associations for somatic anxiety and total anxiety. When combining anxiety and depression items, psychological distress and cardiopulmonary/autonomic symptoms predicted recurrent MI and mortality. Future research might better focus on dimensions of anxiety and depression simultaneously in MI patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1468-1476
JournalHealth Psychology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2014


Dive into the research topics of 'Symptom dimensions of anxiety following myocardial infarction: Associations with depressive symptoms and prognosis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this