Talking about trees and truth-conditions

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    40 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    We present Logical Description Grammar (LDG), a model of grammar and the syntax-semantics interface based on descriptions in elementary logic. A description may simultaneously describe the syntactic structure and the semantics of a natural language expression, i.e., the describing logic talks about the trees and about the truth-conditions of the language described. Logical Description Grammars offer a natural way of dealing with underspecification in natural language syntax and semantics. If a logical description (up to isomorphism) has exactly one tree plus truth-conditions as a model, it completely specifies that grammatical object. More common is the situation, corresponding to underspecification, in which there is more than one model. A situation in which there are no models corresponds to an ungrammatical input.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)417-455
    Number of pages39
    JournalJournal of logic, language and information
    Volume10
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

    Fingerprint

    grammar
    Semantics
    semantics
    syntax
    language
    Syntactics
    Logic
    Truth Conditions
    Grammar
    Underspecification
    Natural Language

    Cite this

    @article{494cf86bf6094500a79b0db7fef625a3,
    title = "Talking about trees and truth-conditions",
    abstract = "We present Logical Description Grammar (LDG), a model of grammar and the syntax-semantics interface based on descriptions in elementary logic. A description may simultaneously describe the syntactic structure and the semantics of a natural language expression, i.e., the describing logic talks about the trees and about the truth-conditions of the language described. Logical Description Grammars offer a natural way of dealing with underspecification in natural language syntax and semantics. If a logical description (up to isomorphism) has exactly one tree plus truth-conditions as a model, it completely specifies that grammatical object. More common is the situation, corresponding to underspecification, in which there is more than one model. A situation in which there are no models corresponds to an ungrammatical input.",
    author = "R.A. Muskens",
    note = "Pagination: 39",
    year = "2001",
    language = "English",
    volume = "10",
    pages = "417--455",
    journal = "Journal of logic, language and information",
    issn = "0925-8531",
    publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
    number = "4",

    }

    Talking about trees and truth-conditions. / Muskens, R.A.

    In: Journal of logic, language and information, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2001, p. 417-455.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Talking about trees and truth-conditions

    AU - Muskens, R.A.

    N1 - Pagination: 39

    PY - 2001

    Y1 - 2001

    N2 - We present Logical Description Grammar (LDG), a model of grammar and the syntax-semantics interface based on descriptions in elementary logic. A description may simultaneously describe the syntactic structure and the semantics of a natural language expression, i.e., the describing logic talks about the trees and about the truth-conditions of the language described. Logical Description Grammars offer a natural way of dealing with underspecification in natural language syntax and semantics. If a logical description (up to isomorphism) has exactly one tree plus truth-conditions as a model, it completely specifies that grammatical object. More common is the situation, corresponding to underspecification, in which there is more than one model. A situation in which there are no models corresponds to an ungrammatical input.

    AB - We present Logical Description Grammar (LDG), a model of grammar and the syntax-semantics interface based on descriptions in elementary logic. A description may simultaneously describe the syntactic structure and the semantics of a natural language expression, i.e., the describing logic talks about the trees and about the truth-conditions of the language described. Logical Description Grammars offer a natural way of dealing with underspecification in natural language syntax and semantics. If a logical description (up to isomorphism) has exactly one tree plus truth-conditions as a model, it completely specifies that grammatical object. More common is the situation, corresponding to underspecification, in which there is more than one model. A situation in which there are no models corresponds to an ungrammatical input.

    M3 - Article

    VL - 10

    SP - 417

    EP - 455

    JO - Journal of logic, language and information

    JF - Journal of logic, language and information

    SN - 0925-8531

    IS - 4

    ER -