We develop a generalized production framework with endogenous “production techniques” that serve to organize raw factor inputs in an efficient manner. We establish a positive relationship between production ‡exibility and cost efficiency. By allowing …firms to differ in technology scales, capital constraints and technique limitations, we illustrate an ampli…cation of the detrimental effects of technique limitations by production ‡exibility. We apply the structure to studying, both theoretically and quantitatively, the consequences of capital and technique misallocation across …firms for the TFP and the interplay of their TFP effects with production ‡exibility. Using …firm-level data from U.S. manufacturing industries, we fi…nd that, due to the ampli…cation effect of production ‡exibility, technique misallocation generates more TFP losses than capital misallocation. Our quantitative results suggest that the relative importance of technique misallocation on TFP is substantial for a broad range of manufacturing industries –with larger TFP gains from removing technique misallocation in industries using more ‡exible production technologies.
|Place of Publication||Tilburg|
|Number of pages||49|
|Publication status||Published - 2 Dec 2014|
|Name||EBC Discussion Paper Series|
- Capital and Technique Misallocation
- Production Flexibility
- Aggregate Productivity