Technological Change During the Energy Transition

G.C. van der Meijden, Sjak A. Smulders

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output


The energy transition from fossil fuels to alternative energy sources has important consequences for technological change and resource extraction. We examine these consequences by incorporating a non-renewable resource and an alternative energy source in a market economy model of endogenous growth through expanding varieties. During the energy transition, technological progress is non-monotonic over time: it declines initially, starts increasing when the economy approaches the regime shift, and jumps down once the resource stock is exhausted. A moment of peak-oil does no longer necessarily occur, and simultaneous use of the resource and the alternative energy source will take place if the return to innovation becomes too low.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
PublisherTinbergen Institute
Publication statusPublished - 18 Aug 2014

Publication series

NameTinbergen Institute Discussion Paper


  • alternative energy sources
  • endogenous growth
  • energy transition
  • non-renewable resources
  • technological change


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