Temporal displacement of environmental crime

Evidence from marine oil pollution

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

We provide evidence for temporal displacement of illegal discharges of oil from shipping, a major source of ocean pollution, in response to a monitoring technology that features variation in the probability of conviction by time of day. During the nighttime, evidence collected by Coast Guard aircraft using radar becomes contestable in court because the nature of an identified spot cannot be verified visually by an observer on board of the aircraft. Seasonal variation in time of sunset is used to distinguish evasive behavior from daily routines on board. Using data from surveillance flights above the Dutch part of the North Sea during 1992–2011, we provide evidence for a sudden increase in illegal discharges after sunset across the year. Our results show that even a tiny chance of getting caught and a mild punishment can have a major impact on behavior.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-180
JournalJournal of Environmental Economics and Management
Volume82
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017

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marine pollution
oil pollution
aircraft
shipping
seasonal variation
flight
radar
pollution
oil
coast
ocean
monitoring
environmental crime
Oil pollution
Crime
Aircraft
sea
court
surveillance

Keywords

  • deterrence
  • pollution
  • environmental crime

Cite this

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title = "Temporal displacement of environmental crime: Evidence from marine oil pollution",
abstract = "We provide evidence for temporal displacement of illegal discharges of oil from shipping, a major source of ocean pollution, in response to a monitoring technology that features variation in the probability of conviction by time of day. During the nighttime, evidence collected by Coast Guard aircraft using radar becomes contestable in court because the nature of an identified spot cannot be verified visually by an observer on board of the aircraft. Seasonal variation in time of sunset is used to distinguish evasive behavior from daily routines on board. Using data from surveillance flights above the Dutch part of the North Sea during 1992–2011, we provide evidence for a sudden increase in illegal discharges after sunset across the year. Our results show that even a tiny chance of getting caught and a mild punishment can have a major impact on behavior.",
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Temporal displacement of environmental crime : Evidence from marine oil pollution. / Vollaard, Ben.

In: Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Vol. 82, 03.2017, p. 168-180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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