Testing Affine Term Structure Models in Case of Transaction Costs

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Abstract

In this paper we empirically analyze the impact of transaction costs on the performance of affine interest rate models. We test the implied (no arbitrage) Euler restrictions, and we calculate the specification error bound of Hansen and Jagannathan to measure the extent to which a model is misspecified. Using data on T-bill and bond returns we find, under the assumption of frictionless markets, strong evidence of misspecification of one- and two-factor affine interest rate models. This is in line with earlier research. However, we show that the pricing errors of these models are reduced considerably, if relatively small transaction costs are taken into account. The average transaction costs for T-bills, due to the bid-ask spread, are around 1.5 basis points. At this size of transaction costs and for monthly holding periods, the misspecification of one- and two-factor affine interest rate models becomes statistically insignificant and economically very small. For quarterly holding periods, higher transaction costs of around 3 basis points are required to avoid misspecification.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTilburg
PublisherFinance
Number of pages32
Volume1999-84
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Publication series

NameCentER Discussion Paper
Volume1999-84

Fingerprint

Transaction costs
Affine term structure models
Testing
Factors
Misspecification
Interest rate models
No-arbitrage
Specification error
Pricing errors
Bond returns
Error bounds
Bid/ask spread

Keywords

  • Interest Rate Models
  • Market Frictions
  • Transaction Costs
  • Model Misspecification

Cite this

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title = "Testing Affine Term Structure Models in Case of Transaction Costs",
abstract = "In this paper we empirically analyze the impact of transaction costs on the performance of affine interest rate models. We test the implied (no arbitrage) Euler restrictions, and we calculate the specification error bound of Hansen and Jagannathan to measure the extent to which a model is misspecified. Using data on T-bill and bond returns we find, under the assumption of frictionless markets, strong evidence of misspecification of one- and two-factor affine interest rate models. This is in line with earlier research. However, we show that the pricing errors of these models are reduced considerably, if relatively small transaction costs are taken into account. The average transaction costs for T-bills, due to the bid-ask spread, are around 1.5 basis points. At this size of transaction costs and for monthly holding periods, the misspecification of one- and two-factor affine interest rate models becomes statistically insignificant and economically very small. For quarterly holding periods, higher transaction costs of around 3 basis points are required to avoid misspecification.",
keywords = "Interest Rate Models, Market Frictions, Transaction Costs, Model Misspecification",
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year = "1999",
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series = "CentER Discussion Paper",
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Testing Affine Term Structure Models in Case of Transaction Costs. / Driessen, J.J.A.G.; Melenberg, B.; Nijman, T.E.

Tilburg : Finance, 1999. (CentER Discussion Paper; Vol. 1999-84).

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

TY - UNPB

T1 - Testing Affine Term Structure Models in Case of Transaction Costs

AU - Driessen, J.J.A.G.

AU - Melenberg, B.

AU - Nijman, T.E.

N1 - Pagination: 32

PY - 1999

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N2 - In this paper we empirically analyze the impact of transaction costs on the performance of affine interest rate models. We test the implied (no arbitrage) Euler restrictions, and we calculate the specification error bound of Hansen and Jagannathan to measure the extent to which a model is misspecified. Using data on T-bill and bond returns we find, under the assumption of frictionless markets, strong evidence of misspecification of one- and two-factor affine interest rate models. This is in line with earlier research. However, we show that the pricing errors of these models are reduced considerably, if relatively small transaction costs are taken into account. The average transaction costs for T-bills, due to the bid-ask spread, are around 1.5 basis points. At this size of transaction costs and for monthly holding periods, the misspecification of one- and two-factor affine interest rate models becomes statistically insignificant and economically very small. For quarterly holding periods, higher transaction costs of around 3 basis points are required to avoid misspecification.

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KW - Transaction Costs

KW - Model Misspecification

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