Testing theories of post-error slowing

Gilles Dutilh*, Joachim Vandekerckhove, Birte U. Forstmann, Emmanuel Keuleers, Marc Brysbaert, Eric-Jan Wagenmakers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

People tend to slow down after they make an error. This phenomenon, generally referred to as post-error slowing, has been hypothesized to reflect perceptual distraction, time wasted on irrelevant processes, an a priori bias against the response made in error, increased variability in a priori bias, or an increase in response caution. Although the response caution interpretation has dominated the empirical literature, little research has attempted to test this interpretation in the context of a formal process model. Here, we used the drift diffusion model to isolate and identify the psychological processes responsible for post-error slowing. In a very large lexical decision data set, we found that post-error slowing was associated with an increase in response caution and-to a lesser extent-a change in response bias. In the present data set, we found no evidence that post-error slowing is caused by perceptual distraction or time wasted on irrelevant processes. These results support a response-monitoring account of post-error slowing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)454-465
Number of pages12
JournalAttention, Perception & Psychophysics
Volume74
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Response caution
  • Response time distributions
  • Cognitive control and automaticity
  • Diffusion model decomposition
  • Lexical decision
  • DIFFUSION-MODEL ANALYSIS
  • LEXICAL DECISION TASK
  • CHOICE-REACTION-TIMES
  • RESPONSE-TIME
  • DISCRIMINATION TASK
  • NULL HYPOTHESIS
  • DELTA PLOTS
  • T TESTS
  • ACCURACY
  • SPEED

Cite this

Dutilh, G., Vandekerckhove, J., Forstmann, B. U., Keuleers, E., Brysbaert, M., & Wagenmakers, E-J. (2012). Testing theories of post-error slowing. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 74(2), 454-465. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13414-011-0243-2
Dutilh, Gilles ; Vandekerckhove, Joachim ; Forstmann, Birte U. ; Keuleers, Emmanuel ; Brysbaert, Marc ; Wagenmakers, Eric-Jan. / Testing theories of post-error slowing. In: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics. 2012 ; Vol. 74, No. 2. pp. 454-465.
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Dutilh, G, Vandekerckhove, J, Forstmann, BU, Keuleers, E, Brysbaert, M & Wagenmakers, E-J 2012, 'Testing theories of post-error slowing', Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 454-465. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13414-011-0243-2

Testing theories of post-error slowing. / Dutilh, Gilles; Vandekerckhove, Joachim; Forstmann, Birte U.; Keuleers, Emmanuel; Brysbaert, Marc; Wagenmakers, Eric-Jan.

In: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, Vol. 74, No. 2, 02.2012, p. 454-465.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Dutilh G, Vandekerckhove J, Forstmann BU, Keuleers E, Brysbaert M, Wagenmakers E-J. Testing theories of post-error slowing. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics. 2012 Feb;74(2):454-465. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13414-011-0243-2