Testosterone and cortisol in relation to aggression in a non-clinical sample of boys and girls

Evelien Platje, Arne Popma, Robert R. J. M. Vermeiren, Theo A. H. Doreleijers, W. H. J. Meeus, Pol A. C. van Lier, Hans M. Koot, Susan J. T. Branje, Lucres M. C. Jansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Testosterone and cortisol have been proposed to jointly regulate aggressive behavior. However, few empirical studies actually investigated this joint relation in humans, and reported inconsistent findings. Also, samples in these studies were small and/or specific, and consisted largely of males. Therefore, in the current study testosterone and cortisol in relation to aggression were investigated in a non-clinical sample of 259 boys and girls (mean age 16.98 years, SD = 0.42, 56% boys). A positive testosterone/cortisol ratio, that is, high testosterone relative to cortisol, was found to be associated with aggressive behavior, explaining 7% of the variance. The interaction between testosterone and cortisol was not related to aggressive behavior and gender differences were not found. The ratio may reflect an imbalance leaving the individual more prone to rewarding aspects, than fearful of negative implications of aggressive behavior. Current findings indicate that this relation can be generalized to aggression in non-clinical adolescents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)478-487
JournalAggressive Behavior
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • aggression
  • testosterone
  • cortisol

Cite this

Platje, E., Popma, A., Vermeiren, R. R. J. M., Doreleijers, T. A. H., Meeus, W. H. J., van Lier, P. A. C., ... Jansen, L. M. C. (2015). Testosterone and cortisol in relation to aggression in a non-clinical sample of boys and girls. Aggressive Behavior, 41(5), 478-487. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.21585
Platje, Evelien ; Popma, Arne ; Vermeiren, Robert R. J. M. ; Doreleijers, Theo A. H. ; Meeus, W. H. J. ; van Lier, Pol A. C. ; Koot, Hans M. ; Branje, Susan J. T. ; Jansen, Lucres M. C. / Testosterone and cortisol in relation to aggression in a non-clinical sample of boys and girls. In: Aggressive Behavior. 2015 ; Vol. 41, No. 5. pp. 478-487.
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title = "Testosterone and cortisol in relation to aggression in a non-clinical sample of boys and girls",
abstract = "Testosterone and cortisol have been proposed to jointly regulate aggressive behavior. However, few empirical studies actually investigated this joint relation in humans, and reported inconsistent findings. Also, samples in these studies were small and/or specific, and consisted largely of males. Therefore, in the current study testosterone and cortisol in relation to aggression were investigated in a non-clinical sample of 259 boys and girls (mean age 16.98 years, SD = 0.42, 56{\%} boys). A positive testosterone/cortisol ratio, that is, high testosterone relative to cortisol, was found to be associated with aggressive behavior, explaining 7{\%} of the variance. The interaction between testosterone and cortisol was not related to aggressive behavior and gender differences were not found. The ratio may reflect an imbalance leaving the individual more prone to rewarding aspects, than fearful of negative implications of aggressive behavior. Current findings indicate that this relation can be generalized to aggression in non-clinical adolescents.",
keywords = "aggression, testosterone, cortisol",
author = "Evelien Platje and Arne Popma and Vermeiren, {Robert R. J. M.} and Doreleijers, {Theo A. H.} and Meeus, {W. H. J.} and {van Lier}, {Pol A. C.} and Koot, {Hans M.} and Branje, {Susan J. T.} and Jansen, {Lucres M. C.}",
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Platje, E, Popma, A, Vermeiren, RRJM, Doreleijers, TAH, Meeus, WHJ, van Lier, PAC, Koot, HM, Branje, SJT & Jansen, LMC 2015, 'Testosterone and cortisol in relation to aggression in a non-clinical sample of boys and girls', Aggressive Behavior, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 478-487. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.21585

Testosterone and cortisol in relation to aggression in a non-clinical sample of boys and girls. / Platje, Evelien; Popma, Arne; Vermeiren, Robert R. J. M.; Doreleijers, Theo A. H.; Meeus, W. H. J.; van Lier, Pol A. C.; Koot, Hans M.; Branje, Susan J. T.; Jansen, Lucres M. C.

In: Aggressive Behavior, Vol. 41, No. 5, 2015, p. 478-487.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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AU - Platje, Evelien

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AU - van Lier, Pol A. C.

AU - Koot, Hans M.

AU - Branje, Susan J. T.

AU - Jansen, Lucres M. C.

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Platje E, Popma A, Vermeiren RRJM, Doreleijers TAH, Meeus WHJ, van Lier PAC et al. Testosterone and cortisol in relation to aggression in a non-clinical sample of boys and girls. Aggressive Behavior. 2015;41(5):478-487. https://doi.org/10.1002/ab.21585