The Annuity Puzzle Remains a Puzzle

J.M.J. Peijnenburg, Bas Werker, Theo Nijman

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output


We examine incomplete annuity menus and background risk as possible drivers of divergence from full annuitization. Contrary to what is often suggested in the literature, we find that full annuitization remains optimal if saving is possible after retirement. This holds irrespective of whether real or only nominal annuities
are available. Whenever liquidity is desired, individuals save sizeable amounts out of their annuity income to smooth consumption shocks. Similarly, adding variable annuities to the menu does not increase welfare significantly, since individuals can save in order to get the desired equity exposure. We calculate bounds on a possible bequest motive and default risk of the annuity provider and find that for realistic parameters full annuitization remains optimal.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTilburg
Number of pages34
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

Publication series

NameNETSPAR Discussion Paper


  • asset allocation
  • Life-cycle portfolio choice
  • annuity
  • savings


Dive into the research topics of 'The Annuity Puzzle Remains a Puzzle'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this