The association between reward sensitivity and activity engagement: The influence of delay discounting and anhedonia

Deni Tressová*, H.G. Roozen, Ad Vingerhoets

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim:
Reward sensitivity affects individuals' motivation to engage in goal-directed behavior. Other concepts, critical for reward appraisal, that potentially influence activity participation encompass delay discounting and anhedonia. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that anhedonia and delay discounting influence the relationship between reward sensitivity and activity engagement.

Methods:
In total, 37 inpatient patients with an alcohol use disorder (AUD) and 37 matched healthy controls completed the behavioral activation system scale (BAS scale), the Pleasant Activities List (PAL), the Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) and the Delay Discounting Task (DDT).

Results:
Patients differed from controls on SHAPS, DDT-k, PAL substance-related activities (SRA), but not BAS and PAL non-substance-related activities (non-SRA). Correlational analyses revealed a strong correlation between BAS and PAL non-SRA in both patients (r = 0.53) and controls (r = 0.47), but also with PAL-SRA in patients (r = 0.40), although not controls (r = 0.09). BAS was negatively correlated with SHAPS in both groups and with DDT in controls. SHAPS was negatively linked to PAL non-SRA in both groups. The BAS-PAL non-SRA relationship was influenced by discount rates in controls.

Conclusion:
A strong link exists between reward sensitivity and engagement in non-SRA in both groups. Delay discounting affects the reward sensitivity and non-SRA association in healthy controls, while anhedonia did not impact the association between reward sensitivity and engagement in (non-)SRA in both conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215–224
JournalAlcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • ALCOHOL-USE
  • BEHAVIORAL THEORIES
  • BIS/BAS SCALES
  • DEPENDENT PATIENTS
  • DRUG-ADDICTION
  • IDENTIFICATION TEST AUDIT
  • INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
  • PLEASANT ACTIVITIES
  • REINFORCEMENT
  • USE DISORDERS

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