The associations between personality characteristics and absenteeism: A cross-sectional study in workers with and without depressive and anxiety disorders

M.C. Vlasveld, C.M. van der Feltz-Cornelis, J.R. Anema, W. van Mechelen, A.T.F. Beekman, H.W.J. van Marwijk, B.W.J.H. Penninx

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose:
Although numerous studies have identified risk factors for sickness absence, few studies have addressed the role of personality characteristics in absenteeism. The aim of this study was to examine the associations of the Big 5 personality characteristics (neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness) and locus of control with absenteeism, taking the presence of depressive and anxiety disorders into account.
Methods:
Cross-sectional data from the baseline measurement of the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA) were examined. NESDA includes persons with current or remitted depressive and anxiety disorders and healthy controls, of which 1883 working participants were selected. Personality characteristics were included as predictor variables, short-term (0-2 weeks) and long-term (>2 weeks) absenteeism as outcome measure. The presence of depressive and anxiety disorders was considered as modifying covariate.
Results:
In healthy workers, high neuroticism, external locus of control, low extraversion, low agreeableness and low conscientiousness were associated with short-term absenteeism. In addition, high neuroticism, low extraversion and low openness were related to long-term absenteeism in healthy workers. In workers with psychopathology, similar associations were found for persons with this profile (high neuroticism, external locus of control, low extraversion and low conscientiousness) with long-term absenteeism, but no associations of these characteristics were found with short-term absenteeism.
Conclusions:
Personality characteristics were significantly associated with work absenteeism in both workers with and without anxiety or depression. Interventions aimed at preventing sickness absence may focus on reducing neuroticism and strengthening extraversion, conscientiousness and locus of control.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)309-317
JournalJournal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Volume23
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Absenteeism
Cross-Sectional Studies
Internal-External Control
Depression
Netherlands
Neuroticism
Extraversion (Psychology)

Cite this

Vlasveld, M.C. ; van der Feltz-Cornelis, C.M. ; Anema, J.R. ; van Mechelen, W. ; Beekman, A.T.F. ; van Marwijk, H.W.J. ; Penninx, B.W.J.H. / The associations between personality characteristics and absenteeism : A cross-sectional study in workers with and without depressive and anxiety disorders. In: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation. 2013 ; Vol. 23, No. 3. pp. 309-317.
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title = "The associations between personality characteristics and absenteeism: A cross-sectional study in workers with and without depressive and anxiety disorders",
abstract = "Purpose:Although numerous studies have identified risk factors for sickness absence, few studies have addressed the role of personality characteristics in absenteeism. The aim of this study was to examine the associations of the Big 5 personality characteristics (neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness) and locus of control with absenteeism, taking the presence of depressive and anxiety disorders into account.Methods:Cross-sectional data from the baseline measurement of the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA) were examined. NESDA includes persons with current or remitted depressive and anxiety disorders and healthy controls, of which 1883 working participants were selected. Personality characteristics were included as predictor variables, short-term (0-2 weeks) and long-term (>2 weeks) absenteeism as outcome measure. The presence of depressive and anxiety disorders was considered as modifying covariate.Results:In healthy workers, high neuroticism, external locus of control, low extraversion, low agreeableness and low conscientiousness were associated with short-term absenteeism. In addition, high neuroticism, low extraversion and low openness were related to long-term absenteeism in healthy workers. In workers with psychopathology, similar associations were found for persons with this profile (high neuroticism, external locus of control, low extraversion and low conscientiousness) with long-term absenteeism, but no associations of these characteristics were found with short-term absenteeism.Conclusions:Personality characteristics were significantly associated with work absenteeism in both workers with and without anxiety or depression. Interventions aimed at preventing sickness absence may focus on reducing neuroticism and strengthening extraversion, conscientiousness and locus of control.",
author = "M.C. Vlasveld and {van der Feltz-Cornelis}, C.M. and J.R. Anema and {van Mechelen}, W. and A.T.F. Beekman and {van Marwijk}, H.W.J. and B.W.J.H. Penninx",
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The associations between personality characteristics and absenteeism : A cross-sectional study in workers with and without depressive and anxiety disorders. / Vlasveld, M.C.; van der Feltz-Cornelis, C.M.; Anema, J.R.; van Mechelen, W.; Beekman, A.T.F.; van Marwijk, H.W.J.; Penninx, B.W.J.H.

In: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, Vol. 23, No. 3, 2013, p. 309-317.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The associations between personality characteristics and absenteeism

T2 - A cross-sectional study in workers with and without depressive and anxiety disorders

AU - Vlasveld, M.C.

AU - van der Feltz-Cornelis, C.M.

AU - Anema, J.R.

AU - van Mechelen, W.

AU - Beekman, A.T.F.

AU - van Marwijk, H.W.J.

AU - Penninx, B.W.J.H.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Purpose:Although numerous studies have identified risk factors for sickness absence, few studies have addressed the role of personality characteristics in absenteeism. The aim of this study was to examine the associations of the Big 5 personality characteristics (neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness) and locus of control with absenteeism, taking the presence of depressive and anxiety disorders into account.Methods:Cross-sectional data from the baseline measurement of the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA) were examined. NESDA includes persons with current or remitted depressive and anxiety disorders and healthy controls, of which 1883 working participants were selected. Personality characteristics were included as predictor variables, short-term (0-2 weeks) and long-term (>2 weeks) absenteeism as outcome measure. The presence of depressive and anxiety disorders was considered as modifying covariate.Results:In healthy workers, high neuroticism, external locus of control, low extraversion, low agreeableness and low conscientiousness were associated with short-term absenteeism. In addition, high neuroticism, low extraversion and low openness were related to long-term absenteeism in healthy workers. In workers with psychopathology, similar associations were found for persons with this profile (high neuroticism, external locus of control, low extraversion and low conscientiousness) with long-term absenteeism, but no associations of these characteristics were found with short-term absenteeism.Conclusions:Personality characteristics were significantly associated with work absenteeism in both workers with and without anxiety or depression. Interventions aimed at preventing sickness absence may focus on reducing neuroticism and strengthening extraversion, conscientiousness and locus of control.

AB - Purpose:Although numerous studies have identified risk factors for sickness absence, few studies have addressed the role of personality characteristics in absenteeism. The aim of this study was to examine the associations of the Big 5 personality characteristics (neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness) and locus of control with absenteeism, taking the presence of depressive and anxiety disorders into account.Methods:Cross-sectional data from the baseline measurement of the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA) were examined. NESDA includes persons with current or remitted depressive and anxiety disorders and healthy controls, of which 1883 working participants were selected. Personality characteristics were included as predictor variables, short-term (0-2 weeks) and long-term (>2 weeks) absenteeism as outcome measure. The presence of depressive and anxiety disorders was considered as modifying covariate.Results:In healthy workers, high neuroticism, external locus of control, low extraversion, low agreeableness and low conscientiousness were associated with short-term absenteeism. In addition, high neuroticism, low extraversion and low openness were related to long-term absenteeism in healthy workers. In workers with psychopathology, similar associations were found for persons with this profile (high neuroticism, external locus of control, low extraversion and low conscientiousness) with long-term absenteeism, but no associations of these characteristics were found with short-term absenteeism.Conclusions:Personality characteristics were significantly associated with work absenteeism in both workers with and without anxiety or depression. Interventions aimed at preventing sickness absence may focus on reducing neuroticism and strengthening extraversion, conscientiousness and locus of control.

U2 - 10.1007/s10926-012-9406-9.

DO - 10.1007/s10926-012-9406-9.

M3 - Article

VL - 23

SP - 309

EP - 317

JO - Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation

JF - Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation

SN - 1053-0487

IS - 3

ER -