The bidirectional relationships between online victimization and psychosocial problems in adolescents: A comparison with real-life victimization

Regina van den Eijnden*, Ad Vermulst, Antonius J. van Rooij, Ron Scholte, Dike van de Mheen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although peer victimization is of major concern and adolescents spend increasing amounts of time on the Internet, relatively little is known about the psychosocial antecedents and consequences of online victimization. The main aim of this study was to compare the psychosocial antecedents and consequences of online versus real-life victimization. More specifically, the bidirectional relationship between online and real-life victimization on the one hand and psychosocial problems (i.e., loneliness and social anxiety) on the other was examined. In addition, the moderating role of online aggression in the relationship between online victimization and subsequent psychosocial problems was studied. This prospective study, consisting of three annual measurements, was conducted among a sample of 831 adolescents (50.3 % girls) aged 11-15, of which most (80.2 %) had a Dutch ethnic background. The results indicate a unidirectional relationship whereby loneliness and social anxiety predict an increase in latter online victimization rather than the reverse. A bidirectional relationship was found for real-life victimization: loneliness (but not social anxiety) predicted an increase in latter real-life victimization, which in turn predicted an increase in subsequent social anxiety (but not loneliness). No moderating effects of online aggression were found. The findings of the present study suggest that negative online and in real life peer interactions have a differential meaning for, and impact on adolescents' well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)790-802
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Internet
  • Victimization
  • Psychosocial factors
  • Internalization
  • Adolescent psychology
  • Longitudinal studies
  • PEER VICTIMIZATION
  • INTERNET HARASSMENT
  • SCHOOL
  • AGGRESSION
  • VICTIMS
  • COMMUNICATION
  • INVOLVEMENT
  • EXPERIENCES
  • ADJUSTMENT
  • DEPRESSION

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