The challenges of risk profiling used by law enforcement: Examining the cases of COMPAS and SyRI

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The use of Big Data in the law enforcement sector turns the traditional practices of profiling to search for suspects or determining the threat level of a suspect into a data-driven process. Risk profiling is frequently used in the USA and is becoming more prominent in national law enforcement practices in Member States of the European Union. While risk profiling creates challenges that differ per jurisdiction in which it is used and vary along the purpose for which the profiling is deployed, this technological development brings fundamental changes that are quite universal. Risk profiling of suspects, or of large parts of the population to detect suspects, brings challenges of transparency, discrimination and challenges procedural safeguards. After exploring the concept of risk profiling, this chapter discusses those fundamental challenges. To illustrate the challenges, the chapter uses two main examples of risk profiling: COMPAS and SyRI.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRegulating new technologies in uncertain times
EditorsLeonie Reins
Place of PublicationThe Hague
PublisherT.M.C. Asser Press | Springer
Pages225-240
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)978-94-6265-279-8
ISBN (Print)978-94-6265-278-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Publication series

NameInformation Technology and Law Series
PublisherT.M.C. Asser Press / Springer
Number32
Volume2019
ISSN (Print)1570-2782

Fingerprint

law enforcement
technical development
transparency
jurisdiction
discrimination
threat

Keywords

  • Risk profiling
  • Big Data
  • Predictive Policing
  • law enforcement
  • Discrimination
  • Legal Safeguards
  • predictive analytics
  • Data Protection

Cite this

van Schendel, S. (2019). The challenges of risk profiling used by law enforcement: Examining the cases of COMPAS and SyRI. In L. Reins (Ed.), Regulating new technologies in uncertain times (pp. 225-240). (Information Technology and Law Series; Vol. 2019, No. 32). The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press | Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-6265-279-8_12
van Schendel, Sascha. / The challenges of risk profiling used by law enforcement : Examining the cases of COMPAS and SyRI. Regulating new technologies in uncertain times. editor / Leonie Reins. The Hague : T.M.C. Asser Press | Springer, 2019. pp. 225-240 (Information Technology and Law Series; 32).
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van Schendel, S 2019, The challenges of risk profiling used by law enforcement: Examining the cases of COMPAS and SyRI. in L Reins (ed.), Regulating new technologies in uncertain times. Information Technology and Law Series, no. 32, vol. 2019, T.M.C. Asser Press | Springer, The Hague, pp. 225-240. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-6265-279-8_12

The challenges of risk profiling used by law enforcement : Examining the cases of COMPAS and SyRI. / van Schendel, Sascha.

Regulating new technologies in uncertain times. ed. / Leonie Reins. The Hague : T.M.C. Asser Press | Springer, 2019. p. 225-240 (Information Technology and Law Series; Vol. 2019, No. 32).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

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van Schendel S. The challenges of risk profiling used by law enforcement: Examining the cases of COMPAS and SyRI. In Reins L, editor, Regulating new technologies in uncertain times. The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press | Springer. 2019. p. 225-240. (Information Technology and Law Series; 32). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-6265-279-8_12