The Contested State of Sufism in Islamic Modernism: The Case of the Muhammadiyah Movement in Twentieth-Century Indonesia

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    The Muhammadiyah in Indonesia is commonly known not to be very sympathetic
    towards mysticism in terms of its manifestations in mystical religious fraternities and
    pantheistic identity mysticism. Although its stance versus these religious phenomena
    seems to be very clear, many of its members are struggling to determine their attitude
    towards the issue. The continuing uncertainty about its legitimacy is evident from the
    questions Muhammadiyah members send to the Suara Muhammadiyah regarding this
    topic. In this article I focus on the Muhammadiyah’s ‘official’ vision through its first
    hundred years of existence. My thesis is that its rigidness in rejecting ‘mystical and
    spiritual’ manifestations is not only caused by its fear of unbelief and heresy, but also
    closely related to the political and social circumstances in which it is confronted with
    these ‘mystical and spiritual’ manifestations in the first place.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)183-219
    Number of pages37
    JournalJournal of Sufi Studies
    Volume3
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Fingerprint

    mysticism
    Indonesia
    twentieth century
    fraternity
    legitimacy
    uncertainty
    anxiety
    Sufism
    Manifestation
    Mystic
    Mysticism
    Religion

    Keywords

    • aliran kepercayaan
    • mysticism
    • Indonesia
    • Muhammadiyah
    • Islamic modernism
    • kebatinan
    • polemic
    • religious diversity
    • Sufism
    • tarekats

    Cite this

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    title = "The Contested State of Sufism in Islamic Modernism: The Case of the Muhammadiyah Movement in Twentieth-Century Indonesia",
    abstract = "The Muhammadiyah in Indonesia is commonly known not to be very sympathetictowards mysticism in terms of its manifestations in mystical religious fraternities andpantheistic identity mysticism. Although its stance versus these religious phenomenaseems to be very clear, many of its members are struggling to determine their attitudetowards the issue. The continuing uncertainty about its legitimacy is evident from thequestions Muhammadiyah members send to the Suara Muhammadiyah regarding thistopic. In this article I focus on the Muhammadiyah’s ‘official’ vision through its firsthundred years of existence. My thesis is that its rigidness in rejecting ‘mystical andspiritual’ manifestations is not only caused by its fear of unbelief and heresy, but alsoclosely related to the political and social circumstances in which it is confronted withthese ‘mystical and spiritual’ manifestations in the first place.",
    keywords = "aliran kepercayaan, mysticism, Indonesia, Muhammadiyah, Islamic modernism, kebatinan, polemic, religious diversity, Sufism, tarekats",
    author = "H.L. Beck",
    year = "2014",
    language = "English",
    volume = "3",
    pages = "183--219",
    journal = "Journal of Sufi Studies",
    issn = "2210-5948",
    publisher = "Brill",
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    }

    The Contested State of Sufism in Islamic Modernism : The Case of the Muhammadiyah Movement in Twentieth-Century Indonesia. / Beck, H.L.

    In: Journal of Sufi Studies, Vol. 3, No. 2, 2014, p. 183-219.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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    T2 - The Case of the Muhammadiyah Movement in Twentieth-Century Indonesia

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    AB - The Muhammadiyah in Indonesia is commonly known not to be very sympathetictowards mysticism in terms of its manifestations in mystical religious fraternities andpantheistic identity mysticism. Although its stance versus these religious phenomenaseems to be very clear, many of its members are struggling to determine their attitudetowards the issue. The continuing uncertainty about its legitimacy is evident from thequestions Muhammadiyah members send to the Suara Muhammadiyah regarding thistopic. In this article I focus on the Muhammadiyah’s ‘official’ vision through its firsthundred years of existence. My thesis is that its rigidness in rejecting ‘mystical andspiritual’ manifestations is not only caused by its fear of unbelief and heresy, but alsoclosely related to the political and social circumstances in which it is confronted withthese ‘mystical and spiritual’ manifestations in the first place.

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