The development of parental monitoring during adolescence

A meta-analysis

Francesca Lionetti*, Benedetta Emanuela Palladino, Christina Moses Passini, Marta Casonato, Oriola Hamzallari, Mette Ranta, Antonio Dellagiulia, Loes Keijsers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

As adolescents grow up, one of the important developmental tasks is to individuate themselves and to become more autonomous from parents. This requires a realignment of the parent-adolescent communication. The current meta-analytic study aims at identifying developmental changes in parent-adolescent communication, conceptualized within the parental monitoring framework, as entailing parental solicitation, control and knowledge, and adolescent’s disclosure and secrecy. Thirty-one longitudinal studies published between 2000 and 2015 were identified and included in the current meta-analysis. Informants, age at assessment and study duration were tested as moderators. Results showed a low to medium normative decline in parental control (Cohen’s d = −.395, 95% CI [−.541, −.249]), knowledge (d = −.245,95% CI [−.331, −.160] and adolescence disclosure (d = −.147, 95% CI [−.204, −.090]), and an increase in adolescent’s secrecy (d = .194, CI [031, .356]). Parental solicitation decreased based on parents’ (d = −.242, 95% CI[−.376, −.109]) but not on adolescents’ reports (d = .038, 95% CI[−.099, .175]). Another significant moderator was the duration of the study, with studies longer than 2 years being able to detect a more pronounced change in parental control than studies lasting less than 2 years (≤2 years, d = −.139 vs. duration > 2 years, d = −.581). Limitations of the current knowledge and new directions of studies are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-580
JournalEuropean Journal of Developmental Psychology
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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Parents
Communication

Keywords

  • CHILD COMMUNICATION
  • GENDER-DIFFERENCES
  • INFORMANT DISCREPANCIES
  • KNOWLEDGE
  • LONGITUDINAL ASSOCIATIONS
  • PRIVACY INVASION
  • PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
  • Parental solicitation
  • SELF-DISCLOSURE
  • SOLICITATION
  • UNITED-STATES
  • adolescent disclosure
  • adolescent secrecy
  • parental control
  • parental knowledge
  • parental monitoring

Cite this

Lionetti, Francesca ; Palladino, Benedetta Emanuela ; Moses Passini, Christina ; Casonato, Marta ; Hamzallari, Oriola ; Ranta, Mette ; Dellagiulia, Antonio ; Keijsers, Loes. / The development of parental monitoring during adolescence : A meta-analysis. In: European Journal of Developmental Psychology. 2019 ; Vol. 16, No. 5. pp. 552-580.
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title = "The development of parental monitoring during adolescence: A meta-analysis",
abstract = "As adolescents grow up, one of the important developmental tasks is to individuate themselves and to become more autonomous from parents. This requires a realignment of the parent-adolescent communication. The current meta-analytic study aims at identifying developmental changes in parent-adolescent communication, conceptualized within the parental monitoring framework, as entailing parental solicitation, control and knowledge, and adolescent’s disclosure and secrecy. Thirty-one longitudinal studies published between 2000 and 2015 were identified and included in the current meta-analysis. Informants, age at assessment and study duration were tested as moderators. Results showed a low to medium normative decline in parental control (Cohen’s d = −.395, 95{\%} CI [−.541, −.249]), knowledge (d = −.245,95{\%} CI [−.331, −.160] and adolescence disclosure (d = −.147, 95{\%} CI [−.204, −.090]), and an increase in adolescent’s secrecy (d = .194, CI [031, .356]). Parental solicitation decreased based on parents’ (d = −.242, 95{\%} CI[−.376, −.109]) but not on adolescents’ reports (d = .038, 95{\%} CI[−.099, .175]). Another significant moderator was the duration of the study, with studies longer than 2 years being able to detect a more pronounced change in parental control than studies lasting less than 2 years (≤2 years, d = −.139 vs. duration > 2 years, d = −.581). Limitations of the current knowledge and new directions of studies are discussed.",
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author = "Francesca Lionetti and Palladino, {Benedetta Emanuela} and {Moses Passini}, Christina and Marta Casonato and Oriola Hamzallari and Mette Ranta and Antonio Dellagiulia and Loes Keijsers",
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Lionetti, F, Palladino, BE, Moses Passini, C, Casonato, M, Hamzallari, O, Ranta, M, Dellagiulia, A & Keijsers, L 2019, 'The development of parental monitoring during adolescence: A meta-analysis', European Journal of Developmental Psychology, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 552-580. https://doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2018.1476233

The development of parental monitoring during adolescence : A meta-analysis. / Lionetti, Francesca; Palladino, Benedetta Emanuela; Moses Passini, Christina; Casonato, Marta; Hamzallari, Oriola; Ranta, Mette; Dellagiulia, Antonio; Keijsers, Loes.

In: European Journal of Developmental Psychology, Vol. 16, No. 5, 2019, p. 552-580.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The development of parental monitoring during adolescence

T2 - A meta-analysis

AU - Lionetti, Francesca

AU - Palladino, Benedetta Emanuela

AU - Moses Passini, Christina

AU - Casonato, Marta

AU - Hamzallari, Oriola

AU - Ranta, Mette

AU - Dellagiulia, Antonio

AU - Keijsers, Loes

PY - 2019

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AB - As adolescents grow up, one of the important developmental tasks is to individuate themselves and to become more autonomous from parents. This requires a realignment of the parent-adolescent communication. The current meta-analytic study aims at identifying developmental changes in parent-adolescent communication, conceptualized within the parental monitoring framework, as entailing parental solicitation, control and knowledge, and adolescent’s disclosure and secrecy. Thirty-one longitudinal studies published between 2000 and 2015 were identified and included in the current meta-analysis. Informants, age at assessment and study duration were tested as moderators. Results showed a low to medium normative decline in parental control (Cohen’s d = −.395, 95% CI [−.541, −.249]), knowledge (d = −.245,95% CI [−.331, −.160] and adolescence disclosure (d = −.147, 95% CI [−.204, −.090]), and an increase in adolescent’s secrecy (d = .194, CI [031, .356]). Parental solicitation decreased based on parents’ (d = −.242, 95% CI[−.376, −.109]) but not on adolescents’ reports (d = .038, 95% CI[−.099, .175]). Another significant moderator was the duration of the study, with studies longer than 2 years being able to detect a more pronounced change in parental control than studies lasting less than 2 years (≤2 years, d = −.139 vs. duration > 2 years, d = −.581). Limitations of the current knowledge and new directions of studies are discussed.

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KW - PRIVACY INVASION

KW - PROBLEM BEHAVIOR

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KW - SELF-DISCLOSURE

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KW - UNITED-STATES

KW - adolescent disclosure

KW - adolescent secrecy

KW - parental control

KW - parental knowledge

KW - parental monitoring

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