The distressed (Type D) and Five-Factor Models of personality in young, healthy adults and their association with emotional inhibition and distress

E. Svansdóttir, K.C. van den Broek, H.D. Karlsson, D.T. Olason, H. Thorgilsson, J. Denollet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The distressed (Type D) personality (the combination of negative affectivity and social inhibition traits) has been associated with adverse health outcomes. This study investigated the validity of the Type D construct against the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality, and its association with emotional control and distress. In total 498 university students (mean age 28.9 ± 8.4 years) completed the Type D scale (DS14), and measurements for the FFM of personality, emotional control, anxiety, depression and stress. The construct validity of the Icelandic DS14 was confirmed. The Type D components negative affectivity and social inhibition were strongly associated with neuroticism and extraversion of the FFM (r = 0.82 and r = −0.67, respectively). Negative affectivity also correlated with rehearsal/rumination (r = 0.58) and social inhibition with emotional inhibition (r = 0.54), indicative of emotional control. Type D personality (40% of sample) was associated with higher levels of anxiety, depression and stress. The Type D personality components were associated with the FFM of personality, emotional control and emotional distress. Importantly, social and emotional inhibition were closely related, providing novel information about the presence of emotional inhibition within the social inhibition trait.
Highlights
► This study examined the validity of Type D personality in young, healthy adults.
► The Type D subcomponents correspond well with the Five-Factor Model of personality.
► The presence of emotional inhibition in the social inhibition trait was confirmed.
► Type D personality was related to elevated anxiety, depression and stress scores.
Keywords: Type D personality, Five-Factor Model of personality, Emotional control, Emotional distress, Validity
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-128
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Young Adult
Depression

Cite this

Svansdóttir, E. ; van den Broek, K.C. ; Karlsson, H.D. ; Olason, D.T. ; Thorgilsson, H. ; Denollet, J. / The distressed (Type D) and Five-Factor Models of personality in young, healthy adults and their association with emotional inhibition and distress. In: Personality and Individual Differences. 2013 ; Vol. 55, No. 2. pp. 123-128.
@article{0113bf9022c047de80bc75fbfe5cfd04,
title = "The distressed (Type D) and Five-Factor Models of personality in young, healthy adults and their association with emotional inhibition and distress",
abstract = "The distressed (Type D) personality (the combination of negative affectivity and social inhibition traits) has been associated with adverse health outcomes. This study investigated the validity of the Type D construct against the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality, and its association with emotional control and distress. In total 498 university students (mean age 28.9 ± 8.4 years) completed the Type D scale (DS14), and measurements for the FFM of personality, emotional control, anxiety, depression and stress. The construct validity of the Icelandic DS14 was confirmed. The Type D components negative affectivity and social inhibition were strongly associated with neuroticism and extraversion of the FFM (r = 0.82 and r = −0.67, respectively). Negative affectivity also correlated with rehearsal/rumination (r = 0.58) and social inhibition with emotional inhibition (r = 0.54), indicative of emotional control. Type D personality (40{\%} of sample) was associated with higher levels of anxiety, depression and stress. The Type D personality components were associated with the FFM of personality, emotional control and emotional distress. Importantly, social and emotional inhibition were closely related, providing novel information about the presence of emotional inhibition within the social inhibition trait.Highlights► This study examined the validity of Type D personality in young, healthy adults. ► The Type D subcomponents correspond well with the Five-Factor Model of personality. ► The presence of emotional inhibition in the social inhibition trait was confirmed. ► Type D personality was related to elevated anxiety, depression and stress scores.Keywords: Type D personality, Five-Factor Model of personality, Emotional control, Emotional distress, Validity",
author = "E. Svansd{\'o}ttir and {van den Broek}, K.C. and H.D. Karlsson and D.T. Olason and H. Thorgilsson and J. Denollet",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1016/j.paid.2013.02.008",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "123--128",
journal = "Personality and Individual Differences",
issn = "0191-8869",
publisher = "PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD",
number = "2",

}

The distressed (Type D) and Five-Factor Models of personality in young, healthy adults and their association with emotional inhibition and distress. / Svansdóttir, E.; van den Broek, K.C.; Karlsson, H.D.; Olason, D.T.; Thorgilsson, H.; Denollet, J.

In: Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 55, No. 2, 2013, p. 123-128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The distressed (Type D) and Five-Factor Models of personality in young, healthy adults and their association with emotional inhibition and distress

AU - Svansdóttir, E.

AU - van den Broek, K.C.

AU - Karlsson, H.D.

AU - Olason, D.T.

AU - Thorgilsson, H.

AU - Denollet, J.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The distressed (Type D) personality (the combination of negative affectivity and social inhibition traits) has been associated with adverse health outcomes. This study investigated the validity of the Type D construct against the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality, and its association with emotional control and distress. In total 498 university students (mean age 28.9 ± 8.4 years) completed the Type D scale (DS14), and measurements for the FFM of personality, emotional control, anxiety, depression and stress. The construct validity of the Icelandic DS14 was confirmed. The Type D components negative affectivity and social inhibition were strongly associated with neuroticism and extraversion of the FFM (r = 0.82 and r = −0.67, respectively). Negative affectivity also correlated with rehearsal/rumination (r = 0.58) and social inhibition with emotional inhibition (r = 0.54), indicative of emotional control. Type D personality (40% of sample) was associated with higher levels of anxiety, depression and stress. The Type D personality components were associated with the FFM of personality, emotional control and emotional distress. Importantly, social and emotional inhibition were closely related, providing novel information about the presence of emotional inhibition within the social inhibition trait.Highlights► This study examined the validity of Type D personality in young, healthy adults. ► The Type D subcomponents correspond well with the Five-Factor Model of personality. ► The presence of emotional inhibition in the social inhibition trait was confirmed. ► Type D personality was related to elevated anxiety, depression and stress scores.Keywords: Type D personality, Five-Factor Model of personality, Emotional control, Emotional distress, Validity

AB - The distressed (Type D) personality (the combination of negative affectivity and social inhibition traits) has been associated with adverse health outcomes. This study investigated the validity of the Type D construct against the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality, and its association with emotional control and distress. In total 498 university students (mean age 28.9 ± 8.4 years) completed the Type D scale (DS14), and measurements for the FFM of personality, emotional control, anxiety, depression and stress. The construct validity of the Icelandic DS14 was confirmed. The Type D components negative affectivity and social inhibition were strongly associated with neuroticism and extraversion of the FFM (r = 0.82 and r = −0.67, respectively). Negative affectivity also correlated with rehearsal/rumination (r = 0.58) and social inhibition with emotional inhibition (r = 0.54), indicative of emotional control. Type D personality (40% of sample) was associated with higher levels of anxiety, depression and stress. The Type D personality components were associated with the FFM of personality, emotional control and emotional distress. Importantly, social and emotional inhibition were closely related, providing novel information about the presence of emotional inhibition within the social inhibition trait.Highlights► This study examined the validity of Type D personality in young, healthy adults. ► The Type D subcomponents correspond well with the Five-Factor Model of personality. ► The presence of emotional inhibition in the social inhibition trait was confirmed. ► Type D personality was related to elevated anxiety, depression and stress scores.Keywords: Type D personality, Five-Factor Model of personality, Emotional control, Emotional distress, Validity

U2 - 10.1016/j.paid.2013.02.008

DO - 10.1016/j.paid.2013.02.008

M3 - Article

VL - 55

SP - 123

EP - 128

JO - Personality and Individual Differences

JF - Personality and Individual Differences

SN - 0191-8869

IS - 2

ER -