The Economic Effects of Croatia's Accession to the European Union

Arjan Lejour*, Andrea Mervar, Gerard Verweij

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


We explore the economic implications of Croatia's possible accession to the European Union. We focus on two main changes associated with EU membership: accession to the internal European market and institutional reforms in Croatia triggered by EU membership. Consumption per capita in Croatia is estimated to rise by 2.6 percent as a result of accession to the internal market. In particular, the textile and wearing apparel sectors expand. If Croatia successfully reforms its domestic institutions in response to EU membership, income levels in Croatia could increase even more. Tentative estimates suggest that gross domestic product per capita in Croatia could rise by an additional 8 percent. Overall, the macroeconomic implications for the existing EU countries are negligible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-83
Number of pages24
JournalEastern european economics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


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