The Effect of Exports on Labor Informality: Evidence from Argentina

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

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Abstract

This paper explores the causal impact of exports on the share of informal labor
in the Argentinean manufacturing sector. Using an instrumental variable approach to address potential endogeneity concerns, I show that an exogenous 10 percentage points increase in export intensity induces a reduction of the informality rate of 2.2 percentage points. Then, I explore the channel through which exports affect informality. By differentiating exports according to the income group of their destinations, I find that the aggregate effect of exports is explained by the sales to high-income countries. Moreover, the effect is partially explained by an increase in the complexity of the tasks performed in the jobs. Overall, the evidence suggests that under an increase in the demand of higher quality exports, the manufacturing firms increase their productivity by reducing their share of informal workers.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTilburg
PublisherCentER, Center for Economic Research
Number of pages49
Volume2019-003
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2019

Publication series

NameCentER Discussion Paper
Volume2019-003

Fingerprint

Labor
Informality
Argentina
Income
Manufacturing firms
Productivity
Manufacturing sector
Export intensity
Endogeneity
Workers
Instrumental variables
Destination

Keywords

  • exports
  • labor informality
  • productivity
  • task complexity
  • Argentina

Cite this

Safojan, R. (2019). The Effect of Exports on Labor Informality: Evidence from Argentina. (CentER Discussion Paper; Vol. 2019-003). Tilburg: CentER, Center for Economic Research.
Safojan, Romina. / The Effect of Exports on Labor Informality : Evidence from Argentina. Tilburg : CentER, Center for Economic Research, 2019. (CentER Discussion Paper).
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Safojan, R 2019 'The Effect of Exports on Labor Informality: Evidence from Argentina' CentER Discussion Paper, vol. 2019-003, CentER, Center for Economic Research, Tilburg.

The Effect of Exports on Labor Informality : Evidence from Argentina. / Safojan, Romina.

Tilburg : CentER, Center for Economic Research, 2019. (CentER Discussion Paper; Vol. 2019-003).

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

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Safojan R. The Effect of Exports on Labor Informality: Evidence from Argentina. Tilburg: CentER, Center for Economic Research. 2019 Jan 24. (CentER Discussion Paper).