The effect of packaging color and health claims on product attitude and buying intention

Alexandra Theben, Melissa Gerards, Frans Folkvord

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Packaging design is an important factor when consumers look out for healthy food. The study tested for effects of packaging color and health claims of a fictional fruit yoghurt package on attitude towards the product and subsequently, consumer’s buying intention, using a 2 × 2 between-subjects experimental design. We also tested whether interest in healthy food is a moderating factor. We found no evidence to support that visual cues (color) and textual cues (health-related advertising claims) are effective in influencing consumer attitude towards the product. Consumers did not show a more positive attitude towards products presented in low-arousal packaging colors (green/blue) compared to high arousal packaging colors (red/yellow). Also, the claim “palatability” did not result in a more positive attitude towards the product than the claim “healthy”. A moderating role of interest in healthy food could not be confirmed. The results confirmed, however, a significant relation of attitude towards the product and buying intention. Thus, buying intention could be explained mostly by whether consumers had a positive or negative attitude towards the product, which confirms that people’s attitudes are powerful predictors of buying decisions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Food cues
  • Food marketing
  • Food packaging
  • Healthy food

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