The effect of six months training on weight, body fatness and serum lipids in apparently healthy elderly Dutch men and women

A.J. Schuit, E G Schouten, T P Miles, W J Evans, W H Saris, F J Kok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Objective:

To investigate the effect of a six-months training program on changes in body weight and lipid concentrations, and their interrelationship in elderly people.

Design:

Intervention study. The elderly subjects were randomly assigned to a control group or one of two supervised aerobic training groups, either all round activities or ergometer cycling, both exercising 3-4 times a week for six months.

Subjects:

229 elderly men and women, aged 60-80 y.

Measurements:

Various fatness parameters by anthropometry, serum lipids and peak power output.

Results:

During the intervention, no significant changes were observed in weight or body fatness in subjects of the training groups. Serum high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and total cholesterol and triglycerides tended to change in a favourable direction in the elderly of the intervention groups, but only triglyceride concentration in women of the cycle ergometer group (mean difference with controls: -0.24 mmol/L, 95% confidence interval (CI): -0.45, -0.03) and total serum cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol concentrations in subjects of the all-round activity group, (-0.32mmol/L, 95% CI: -0.63, -0.01 and -0.15mmol/L, 95% CI -0.25, -0.05, respectively) were significantly reduced as compared to controls. Regression analysis showed that the intervention-control difference in change of all lipids was independent of changes in weight, body fat and previous engagement in sport activity.

Conclusion:

Regular physical exercise in an elderly population resulted in favourable changes in serum lipid concentrations that were not significant, but no change in body weight or fatness. Change in lipid concentration could not be attributed to change in weight or body fat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)847-853
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders
Volume22
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Lipids
Serum
Confidence Intervals
Adipose Tissue
Weights and Measures
LDL Cholesterol
HDL Cholesterol
Exercise
Education

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Body Composition
  • Body Weight
  • Cholesterol
  • Cholesterol, HDL
  • Cholesterol, LDL
  • Exercise
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lipids
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands
  • Triglycerides
  • Clinical Trial
  • Journal Article
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Cite this

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title = "The effect of six months training on weight, body fatness and serum lipids in apparently healthy elderly Dutch men and women",
abstract = "Objective: To investigate the effect of a six-months training program on changes in body weight and lipid concentrations, and their interrelationship in elderly people.Design: Intervention study. The elderly subjects were randomly assigned to a control group or one of two supervised aerobic training groups, either all round activities or ergometer cycling, both exercising 3-4 times a week for six months.Subjects: 229 elderly men and women, aged 60-80 y.Measurements: Various fatness parameters by anthropometry, serum lipids and peak power output.Results: During the intervention, no significant changes were observed in weight or body fatness in subjects of the training groups. Serum high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and total cholesterol and triglycerides tended to change in a favourable direction in the elderly of the intervention groups, but only triglyceride concentration in women of the cycle ergometer group (mean difference with controls: -0.24 mmol/L, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI): -0.45, -0.03) and total serum cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol concentrations in subjects of the all-round activity group, (-0.32mmol/L, 95{\%} CI: -0.63, -0.01 and -0.15mmol/L, 95{\%} CI -0.25, -0.05, respectively) were significantly reduced as compared to controls. Regression analysis showed that the intervention-control difference in change of all lipids was independent of changes in weight, body fat and previous engagement in sport activity.Conclusion: Regular physical exercise in an elderly population resulted in favourable changes in serum lipid concentrations that were not significant, but no change in body weight or fatness. Change in lipid concentration could not be attributed to change in weight or body fat.",
keywords = "Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Body Composition, Body Weight, Cholesterol, Cholesterol, HDL, Cholesterol, LDL, Exercise, Female, Humans, Lipids, Male, Middle Aged, Netherlands, Triglycerides, Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't",
author = "A.J. Schuit and Schouten, {E G} and Miles, {T P} and Evans, {W J} and Saris, {W H} and Kok, {F J}",
year = "1998",
month = "9",
language = "English",
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pages = "847--853",
journal = "International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders",
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The effect of six months training on weight, body fatness and serum lipids in apparently healthy elderly Dutch men and women. / Schuit, A.J.; Schouten, E G; Miles, T P; Evans, W J; Saris, W H; Kok, F J.

In: International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders , Vol. 22, No. 9, 09.1998, p. 847-853.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of six months training on weight, body fatness and serum lipids in apparently healthy elderly Dutch men and women

AU - Schuit, A.J.

AU - Schouten, E G

AU - Miles, T P

AU - Evans, W J

AU - Saris, W H

AU - Kok, F J

PY - 1998/9

Y1 - 1998/9

N2 - Objective: To investigate the effect of a six-months training program on changes in body weight and lipid concentrations, and their interrelationship in elderly people.Design: Intervention study. The elderly subjects were randomly assigned to a control group or one of two supervised aerobic training groups, either all round activities or ergometer cycling, both exercising 3-4 times a week for six months.Subjects: 229 elderly men and women, aged 60-80 y.Measurements: Various fatness parameters by anthropometry, serum lipids and peak power output.Results: During the intervention, no significant changes were observed in weight or body fatness in subjects of the training groups. Serum high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and total cholesterol and triglycerides tended to change in a favourable direction in the elderly of the intervention groups, but only triglyceride concentration in women of the cycle ergometer group (mean difference with controls: -0.24 mmol/L, 95% confidence interval (CI): -0.45, -0.03) and total serum cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol concentrations in subjects of the all-round activity group, (-0.32mmol/L, 95% CI: -0.63, -0.01 and -0.15mmol/L, 95% CI -0.25, -0.05, respectively) were significantly reduced as compared to controls. Regression analysis showed that the intervention-control difference in change of all lipids was independent of changes in weight, body fat and previous engagement in sport activity.Conclusion: Regular physical exercise in an elderly population resulted in favourable changes in serum lipid concentrations that were not significant, but no change in body weight or fatness. Change in lipid concentration could not be attributed to change in weight or body fat.

AB - Objective: To investigate the effect of a six-months training program on changes in body weight and lipid concentrations, and their interrelationship in elderly people.Design: Intervention study. The elderly subjects were randomly assigned to a control group or one of two supervised aerobic training groups, either all round activities or ergometer cycling, both exercising 3-4 times a week for six months.Subjects: 229 elderly men and women, aged 60-80 y.Measurements: Various fatness parameters by anthropometry, serum lipids and peak power output.Results: During the intervention, no significant changes were observed in weight or body fatness in subjects of the training groups. Serum high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and total cholesterol and triglycerides tended to change in a favourable direction in the elderly of the intervention groups, but only triglyceride concentration in women of the cycle ergometer group (mean difference with controls: -0.24 mmol/L, 95% confidence interval (CI): -0.45, -0.03) and total serum cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol concentrations in subjects of the all-round activity group, (-0.32mmol/L, 95% CI: -0.63, -0.01 and -0.15mmol/L, 95% CI -0.25, -0.05, respectively) were significantly reduced as compared to controls. Regression analysis showed that the intervention-control difference in change of all lipids was independent of changes in weight, body fat and previous engagement in sport activity.Conclusion: Regular physical exercise in an elderly population resulted in favourable changes in serum lipid concentrations that were not significant, but no change in body weight or fatness. Change in lipid concentration could not be attributed to change in weight or body fat.

KW - Aged

KW - Aged, 80 and over

KW - Body Composition

KW - Body Weight

KW - Cholesterol

KW - Cholesterol, HDL

KW - Cholesterol, LDL

KW - Exercise

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Lipids

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Netherlands

KW - Triglycerides

KW - Clinical Trial

KW - Journal Article

KW - Randomized Controlled Trial

KW - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 847

EP - 853

JO - International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders

JF - International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders

IS - 9

ER -