The Effect of Widowhood on Mental Health - an Analysis of Anticipation Patterns Surrounding the Death of a Spouse

Bettina Siflinger*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This study explores the effects of widowhood on mental health by taking into account the anticipation and adaptation to the partner's death. The empirical analysis uses representative panel data from the USA that are linked to administrative death records of the National Death Index. I estimate static and dynamic specifications of the panel probit model in which unobserved heterogeneity is modeled with correlated random effects. I find strong anticipation effects of the partner's death on the probability of depression, implying that the partner's death event cannot be assumed to be exogenous in econometric models. In the absence of any anticipation effects, the partner's death has long-lasting mental health consequences, leading to a significantly slower adaptation to widowhood. The results suggest that both anticipation effects and adaptation effects can be attributed to a caregiver burden and to the cause of death. The findings of this study have important implications for designing adequate social policies for the elderly US population that alleviate the negative consequences of bereavement. Copyright (c) 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1505-1523
Number of pages19
JournalHealth Economics
Volume26
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

Keywords

  • widowhood
  • mental health
  • elderly couples
  • endogeneity
  • panel data modeling
  • PANEL-DATA MODELS
  • INITIAL CONDITIONS PROBLEM
  • FAMILY CAREGIVERS
  • MORTALITY
  • OLDER
  • BEREAVEMENT
  • DEPRESSION
  • TIME

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