The effectiveness of self-guided web-based physical activity interventions among patients with a chronic disease

A systematic review

Daniel Bossen, Cindy Veenhof, Joost Dekker, Dinny de Bakker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background:
Despite well-documented health benefits, adults with a physical chronic condition do not meet the recommended physical activity (PA) guidelines. Therefore, secondary prevention programs focusing on PA are needed. Web-based interventions have shown promise in the promotion of PA behavior change. We conducted a systematic review to summarize the evidence about the effectiveness of web-based PA interventions in adults with chronic disease.
Methods:
Articles were included if they evaluated a web-based PA intervention and used a randomized design. Moreover, studies were eligible for inclusion if they used a non- or minimal-treatment control group and if PA outcomes measures were applied. Seven articles were included.
Results:
Three high-quality studies were statistically significant to the control group, whereas 2 high- and 2 low-quality studies reported nonsignificant findings.
Conclusion:
Our best evidence synthesis revealed that there is conflicting evidence on the effectiveness of web-based PA interventions in patients with a chronic disease.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)665-677
JournalJournal of Physical Activity & Health
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

Keywords

  • motor activity
  • web-based interventions
  • internet
  • literature search

Cite this

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abstract = "Background:Despite well-documented health benefits, adults with a physical chronic condition do not meet the recommended physical activity (PA) guidelines. Therefore, secondary prevention programs focusing on PA are needed. Web-based interventions have shown promise in the promotion of PA behavior change. We conducted a systematic review to summarize the evidence about the effectiveness of web-based PA interventions in adults with chronic disease.Methods:Articles were included if they evaluated a web-based PA intervention and used a randomized design. Moreover, studies were eligible for inclusion if they used a non- or minimal-treatment control group and if PA outcomes measures were applied. Seven articles were included.Results:Three high-quality studies were statistically significant to the control group, whereas 2 high- and 2 low-quality studies reported nonsignificant findings.Conclusion:Our best evidence synthesis revealed that there is conflicting evidence on the effectiveness of web-based PA interventions in patients with a chronic disease.",
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The effectiveness of self-guided web-based physical activity interventions among patients with a chronic disease : A systematic review. / Bossen, Daniel; Veenhof, Cindy; Dekker, Joost; de Bakker, Dinny.

In: Journal of Physical Activity & Health, Vol. 11, No. 3, 03.2014, p. 665-677.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effectiveness of self-guided web-based physical activity interventions among patients with a chronic disease

T2 - A systematic review

AU - Bossen, Daniel

AU - Veenhof, Cindy

AU - Dekker, Joost

AU - de Bakker, Dinny

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N2 - Background:Despite well-documented health benefits, adults with a physical chronic condition do not meet the recommended physical activity (PA) guidelines. Therefore, secondary prevention programs focusing on PA are needed. Web-based interventions have shown promise in the promotion of PA behavior change. We conducted a systematic review to summarize the evidence about the effectiveness of web-based PA interventions in adults with chronic disease.Methods:Articles were included if they evaluated a web-based PA intervention and used a randomized design. Moreover, studies were eligible for inclusion if they used a non- or minimal-treatment control group and if PA outcomes measures were applied. Seven articles were included.Results:Three high-quality studies were statistically significant to the control group, whereas 2 high- and 2 low-quality studies reported nonsignificant findings.Conclusion:Our best evidence synthesis revealed that there is conflicting evidence on the effectiveness of web-based PA interventions in patients with a chronic disease.

AB - Background:Despite well-documented health benefits, adults with a physical chronic condition do not meet the recommended physical activity (PA) guidelines. Therefore, secondary prevention programs focusing on PA are needed. Web-based interventions have shown promise in the promotion of PA behavior change. We conducted a systematic review to summarize the evidence about the effectiveness of web-based PA interventions in adults with chronic disease.Methods:Articles were included if they evaluated a web-based PA intervention and used a randomized design. Moreover, studies were eligible for inclusion if they used a non- or minimal-treatment control group and if PA outcomes measures were applied. Seven articles were included.Results:Three high-quality studies were statistically significant to the control group, whereas 2 high- and 2 low-quality studies reported nonsignificant findings.Conclusion:Our best evidence synthesis revealed that there is conflicting evidence on the effectiveness of web-based PA interventions in patients with a chronic disease.

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