The effects of ongoing task absorption on event-based prospective memory in preschoolers

Xinyuan Zhang, Nicola Ballhausen, Si Liu, Matthias Kliegel, Lijuan Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The current study applied a 2 x 2 experimental design to investigate the effects of ongoing task absorption on event-based prospective memory performance of children aged 3 and 5 years. Children were required to label pictures as ongoing task but to remember to refrain from picture naming and to respond to the target cues in a different way as the prospective memory task. Two differently absorbing ongoing tasks (high absorbing scenario game task vs. low absorbing computer-based task) were administered. Results indicated that prospective memory performance of 5-year-old children was significantly better than that of 3-year-old children. Ongoing task absorption affected the ongoing task performance of preschoolers, but not overall prospective memory performance. Only the 3-year-olds were negatively affected by high ongoing task absorption, which was not the case for the 5-year-olds. The findings are discussed within the light of the multiprocess theory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-136
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Journal of Developmental Psychology
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Event-based prospective memory
  • preschoolers
  • ongoing task absorption
  • scenario game task
  • computerized task
  • EXECUTIVE FUNCTION
  • CUE SALIENCE
  • PERFORMANCE
  • CHILDREN
  • AGE
  • DIFFICULTY
  • IMPACT
  • LOBE

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