The fragmented worker?

ICTs, coping strategies and gender differences in the temporal and spatial fragmentation of paid labour

C.G.T.M. Hubers, M. Dijst, T. Schwanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are often proclaimed to facilitate the fragmentation of activities, a process whereby a certain activity is divided into several smaller pieces, which are performed at different times and/or locations. This study analyzes two-day combined activity, travel and communication diaries collected among Dutch households and presents quantitative findings of the associations between ICTs and the spatiotemporal fragmentation of paid labour. Controlling for various coping strategies, employment and commute factors, household characteristics, lifestyle orientation, time personality and spatial context, statistically significant relations were found between ICTs and the spatiotemporal fragmentation of paid labour for both men and women. The fact that both positive and negative associations were found suggests that ICTs can be adopted to make use of opportunities to arrange paid labour in a flexible way, or as a compensation when such opportunities are lacking. The results also indicate that up to a certain degree these associations are gender specific.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92–130
JournalTime & Society
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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fragmentation
gender-specific factors
communication technology
coping
information technology
labor
worker
personality
travel
communication
gender
time

Keywords

  • ACCESSIBILITY
  • CONNECTIONS
  • EVERYDAY LIFE
  • HOME
  • INFORMATION AGE
  • MOBILE PHONE
  • NETHERLANDS
  • SPACE-TIME CONSTRAINTS
  • Spatiotemporal activity fragmentation
  • TECHNOLOGY
  • TRAVEL-TIME
  • gender differences
  • information and communication technologies
  • paid labour
  • the Netherlands

Cite this

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abstract = "Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are often proclaimed to facilitate the fragmentation of activities, a process whereby a certain activity is divided into several smaller pieces, which are performed at different times and/or locations. This study analyzes two-day combined activity, travel and communication diaries collected among Dutch households and presents quantitative findings of the associations between ICTs and the spatiotemporal fragmentation of paid labour. Controlling for various coping strategies, employment and commute factors, household characteristics, lifestyle orientation, time personality and spatial context, statistically significant relations were found between ICTs and the spatiotemporal fragmentation of paid labour for both men and women. The fact that both positive and negative associations were found suggests that ICTs can be adopted to make use of opportunities to arrange paid labour in a flexible way, or as a compensation when such opportunities are lacking. The results also indicate that up to a certain degree these associations are gender specific.",
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The fragmented worker? ICTs, coping strategies and gender differences in the temporal and spatial fragmentation of paid labour. / Hubers, C.G.T.M.; Dijst, M.; Schwanen, T.

In: Time & Society, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2018, p. 92–130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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T1 - The fragmented worker?

T2 - ICTs, coping strategies and gender differences in the temporal and spatial fragmentation of paid labour

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AU - Schwanen, T.

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