The heritability of Type D personality by an extended twin-pedigree analysis in the Netherlands twin register

Ruifang Li-Gao*, D.I. Boomsma, E.J.C. De Geus, J. Denollet, N. Kupper

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
22 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Type D (Distressed) personality combines negative affectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI) and is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. We aimed to (1) validate a new proxy based on the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA) for Type D personality and its NA and SI subcomponents and (2) estimate the heritability of the Type D proxy in an extended twin-pedigree design in the Netherlands Twin Register (NTR). Proxies for the dichotomous Type D classification, and continuous NA, SI, and NAxSI (the continuous measure of Type D) scales were created based on 12 ASEBA items for 30,433 NTR participants (16,449 twins and 13,984 relatives from 11,106 pedigrees) and sources of variation were analyzed in the ‘Mendel’ software package. We estimated additive and non-additive genetic variance components, shared household and unique environmental variance components and ran bivariate models to estimate the genetic and non-genetic covariance between NA and SI. The Type D proxy showed good reliability and construct validity. The best fitting genetic model included additive and non-additive genetic effects with broad-sense heritabilities for NA, SI and NAxSI estimated at 49%, 50% and 49%, respectively. Household effects showed small contributions (4–9%) to the total phenotypic variation. The genetic correlation between NA and SI was .66 (reflecting both additive and non-additive genetic components). Thus, Type D personality and its NA and SI subcomponents are heritable, with a shared genetic basis for the two subcomponents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
JournalBehavior Genetics
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • CORONARY-ARTERY-DISEASE
  • Extended twin-family design
  • Genetic non-additivity
  • Heritability
  • NEGATIVE AFFECTIVITY
  • Negative affectivity
  • Netherlands Twin Register
  • PREDICTIVE-VALUE
  • Pedigree analysis
  • SOCIAL INHIBITION
  • Shared household effect
  • Social inhibition
  • Type D personality

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