The impact of the business cycle on service providers

Insights from international tourism

Marnik Dekimpe, Yuri Peers, H.J. van Heerde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

For service providers, it is essential to understand how their business is affected by the macroeconomy. This is especially pressing for the tourism sector, the world’s largest export service, because the number of incoming visitors is likely to be strongly determined by the business cycles in the countries of origin. Utilizing state-of-the-art business-cycle metrics, we derive novel insights on the relationship between international tourism and the business cycle. We find an excess sensitivity of the sector to economic cycles based on a multidecade data set of international visitors to New Zealand coming from multiple counties and with various visitor purposes. However, we find no asymmetries in the speed of adjustment across contractions and expansions, suggesting a quicker recovery than many other (nonservice) sectors. Moreover, a higher cyclical volatility results in higher growth in the long run. A robustness check for two more destination countries (Australia and Japan) yields comparable insights. The results underscore the need to closely monitor the cyclical sensitivity and long-term growth prospects of the various visitor streams into the country, in order to (i) better tailor the accommodations and services to these streams and (ii) exploit diversification opportunities to reduce the overall cyclical volatility.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-38
JournalJournal of Service Research
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2016

Fingerprint

business cycle
service provider
Tourism
Industry
economic cycle
tourism sector
country of origin
diversification
asymmetry
accommodation
New Zealand
Japan
Recovery
Economics
Service provider
Business cycles
International tourism

Keywords

  • business cycle
  • export services
  • co-movement elasticity
  • long-term growth
  • cyclical sensitivity

Cite this

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title = "The impact of the business cycle on service providers: Insights from international tourism",
abstract = "For service providers, it is essential to understand how their business is affected by the macroeconomy. This is especially pressing for the tourism sector, the world’s largest export service, because the number of incoming visitors is likely to be strongly determined by the business cycles in the countries of origin. Utilizing state-of-the-art business-cycle metrics, we derive novel insights on the relationship between international tourism and the business cycle. We find an excess sensitivity of the sector to economic cycles based on a multidecade data set of international visitors to New Zealand coming from multiple counties and with various visitor purposes. However, we find no asymmetries in the speed of adjustment across contractions and expansions, suggesting a quicker recovery than many other (nonservice) sectors. Moreover, a higher cyclical volatility results in higher growth in the long run. A robustness check for two more destination countries (Australia and Japan) yields comparable insights. The results underscore the need to closely monitor the cyclical sensitivity and long-term growth prospects of the various visitor streams into the country, in order to (i) better tailor the accommodations and services to these streams and (ii) exploit diversification opportunities to reduce the overall cyclical volatility.",
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The impact of the business cycle on service providers : Insights from international tourism. / Dekimpe, Marnik; Peers, Yuri; van Heerde, H.J.

In: Journal of Service Research, Vol. 19, No. 1, 01.2016, p. 22-38.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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