The importance of self-mastery in enhancing quality of life and social participation of individuals experiencing homelessness: Results of a mixed-method study

M. Rutenfrans*, N. Hanique, M.R.F. Van Regenmortel, R. Schalk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
92 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Self-mastery plays a basic role in strength-based and recovery-oriented approaches applied by (mental) health-care institutions and social services. However, no research has been conducted on a comprehensive model that could provide insight into enhancing self-mastery and outcomes, such as social participation and quality of life, for individuals experiencing homelessness. The current mixed-method study investigated associations between person-related variables (optimism, age, education level) and care-related variables (experiences with care, duration of support) as predictors of both social participation and quality of life through the mediator of self-mastery among clients of a Dutch shelter facility. Quantitative analysis (Structural Equation Modeling; n = 97) showed that: (1) Self-mastery is related to social participation and quality of life; (2) Optimism predicts social participation and quality of life through self-mastery; (3) Age squared predicts social participation through self-mastery, but is not related to quality of life; (4) The variable, clients’ experiences with care, is not related to self-mastery, but directly to social participation and quality of life; (5) Education level and duration of support do not predict self-mastery, social participation and quality of life. Qualitative analysis (semi-structured interviews; n = 36) revealed: (1) Contrary to the results of the quantitative study qualitative data indicated that there is a positive association between experiences with care and self-mastery; (2) Social participation and health are associated with self-mastery; (3) The absence of external locus of control should also be included as an aspect of self-mastery; (4) Additional promoting and impeding factors for self-mastery (e.g., a daily structure, privacy, house rules). Based on these results we formulated guidelines for social and mental health-care workers to enhance their clients’ self-mastery.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-515
JournalSocial Indicators Research
Volume148
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • AGE
  • COHERENCE
  • EFFICACY
  • ESTEEM
  • HEALTH
  • Homelessness
  • LOCUS
  • Mixed-method study
  • OPTIMISM
  • PESSIMISM
  • Quality of life
  • SCALE
  • SENSE
  • Self-mastery
  • Social participation

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