The importance of self-mastery in enhancing quality of life and social participation of individuals experiencing homelessness

Results of a mixed-method study

M. Rutenfrans*, N. Hanique, M.R.F. Van Regenmortel, R. Schalk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Self-mastery plays a basic role in strength-based and recovery-oriented approaches applied by (mental) health-care institutions and social services. However, no research has been conducted on a comprehensive model that could provide insight into enhancing self-mastery and outcomes, such as social participation and quality of life, for individuals experiencing homelessness. The current mixed-method study investigated associations between person-related variables (optimism, age, education level) and care-related variables (experiences with care, duration of support) as predictors of both social participation and quality of life through the mediator of self-mastery among clients of a Dutch shelter facility. Quantitative analysis (Structural Equation Modeling; n = 97) showed that: (1) Self-mastery is related to social participation and quality of life; (2) Optimism predicts social participation and quality of life through self-mastery; (3) Age squared predicts social participation through self-mastery, but is not related to quality of life; (4) The variable, clients’ experiences with care, is not related to self-mastery, but directly to social participation and quality of life; (5) Education level and duration of support do not predict self-mastery, social participation and quality of life. Qualitative analysis (semi-structured interviews; n = 36) revealed: (1) Contrary to the results of the quantitative study qualitative data indicated that there is a positive association between experiences with care and self-mastery; (2) Social participation and health are associated with self-mastery; (3) The absence of external locus of control should also be included as an aspect of self-mastery; (4) Additional promoting and impeding factors for self-mastery (e.g., a daily structure, privacy, house rules). Based on these results we formulated guidelines for social and mental health-care workers to enhance their clients’ self-mastery.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages25
JournalSocial Indicators Research
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2019

Fingerprint

Homeless Persons
social participation
homelessness
quality of life
optimism
Mental Health
mental health
health care
Delivery of Health Care
Education
experience
Internal-External Control
Mastery
Participation
Quality of Life
Homelessness
Mixed Methods
Privacy
structural analysis
locus of control

Keywords

  • AGE
  • COHERENCE
  • EFFICACY
  • ESTEEM
  • HEALTH
  • Homelessness
  • LOCUS
  • Mixed-method study
  • OPTIMISM
  • PESSIMISM
  • Quality of life
  • SCALE
  • SENSE
  • Self-mastery
  • Social participation

Cite this

@article{694869bbe90749188fdc9f9ea54a6894,
title = "The importance of self-mastery in enhancing quality of life and social participation of individuals experiencing homelessness: Results of a mixed-method study",
abstract = "Self-mastery plays a basic role in strength-based and recovery-oriented approaches applied by (mental) health-care institutions and social services. However, no research has been conducted on a comprehensive model that could provide insight into enhancing self-mastery and outcomes, such as social participation and quality of life, for individuals experiencing homelessness. The current mixed-method study investigated associations between person-related variables (optimism, age, education level) and care-related variables (experiences with care, duration of support) as predictors of both social participation and quality of life through the mediator of self-mastery among clients of a Dutch shelter facility. Quantitative analysis (Structural Equation Modeling; n = 97) showed that: (1) Self-mastery is related to social participation and quality of life; (2) Optimism predicts social participation and quality of life through self-mastery; (3) Age squared predicts social participation through self-mastery, but is not related to quality of life; (4) The variable, clients’ experiences with care, is not related to self-mastery, but directly to social participation and quality of life; (5) Education level and duration of support do not predict self-mastery, social participation and quality of life. Qualitative analysis (semi-structured interviews; n = 36) revealed: (1) Contrary to the results of the quantitative study qualitative data indicated that there is a positive association between experiences with care and self-mastery; (2) Social participation and health are associated with self-mastery; (3) The absence of external locus of control should also be included as an aspect of self-mastery; (4) Additional promoting and impeding factors for self-mastery (e.g., a daily structure, privacy, house rules). Based on these results we formulated guidelines for social and mental health-care workers to enhance their clients’ self-mastery.",
keywords = "AGE, COHERENCE, EFFICACY, ESTEEM, HEALTH, Homelessness, LOCUS, Mixed-method study, OPTIMISM, PESSIMISM, Quality of life, SCALE, SENSE, Self-mastery, Social participation",
author = "M. Rutenfrans and N. Hanique and {Van Regenmortel}, M.R.F. and R. Schalk",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1007/s11205-019-02211-y",
language = "English",
journal = "Social Indicators Research",
issn = "0303-8300",
publisher = "Springer",

}

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T1 - The importance of self-mastery in enhancing quality of life and social participation of individuals experiencing homelessness

T2 - Results of a mixed-method study

AU - Rutenfrans, M.

AU - Hanique, N.

AU - Van Regenmortel, M.R.F.

AU - Schalk, R.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Self-mastery plays a basic role in strength-based and recovery-oriented approaches applied by (mental) health-care institutions and social services. However, no research has been conducted on a comprehensive model that could provide insight into enhancing self-mastery and outcomes, such as social participation and quality of life, for individuals experiencing homelessness. The current mixed-method study investigated associations between person-related variables (optimism, age, education level) and care-related variables (experiences with care, duration of support) as predictors of both social participation and quality of life through the mediator of self-mastery among clients of a Dutch shelter facility. Quantitative analysis (Structural Equation Modeling; n = 97) showed that: (1) Self-mastery is related to social participation and quality of life; (2) Optimism predicts social participation and quality of life through self-mastery; (3) Age squared predicts social participation through self-mastery, but is not related to quality of life; (4) The variable, clients’ experiences with care, is not related to self-mastery, but directly to social participation and quality of life; (5) Education level and duration of support do not predict self-mastery, social participation and quality of life. Qualitative analysis (semi-structured interviews; n = 36) revealed: (1) Contrary to the results of the quantitative study qualitative data indicated that there is a positive association between experiences with care and self-mastery; (2) Social participation and health are associated with self-mastery; (3) The absence of external locus of control should also be included as an aspect of self-mastery; (4) Additional promoting and impeding factors for self-mastery (e.g., a daily structure, privacy, house rules). Based on these results we formulated guidelines for social and mental health-care workers to enhance their clients’ self-mastery.

AB - Self-mastery plays a basic role in strength-based and recovery-oriented approaches applied by (mental) health-care institutions and social services. However, no research has been conducted on a comprehensive model that could provide insight into enhancing self-mastery and outcomes, such as social participation and quality of life, for individuals experiencing homelessness. The current mixed-method study investigated associations between person-related variables (optimism, age, education level) and care-related variables (experiences with care, duration of support) as predictors of both social participation and quality of life through the mediator of self-mastery among clients of a Dutch shelter facility. Quantitative analysis (Structural Equation Modeling; n = 97) showed that: (1) Self-mastery is related to social participation and quality of life; (2) Optimism predicts social participation and quality of life through self-mastery; (3) Age squared predicts social participation through self-mastery, but is not related to quality of life; (4) The variable, clients’ experiences with care, is not related to self-mastery, but directly to social participation and quality of life; (5) Education level and duration of support do not predict self-mastery, social participation and quality of life. Qualitative analysis (semi-structured interviews; n = 36) revealed: (1) Contrary to the results of the quantitative study qualitative data indicated that there is a positive association between experiences with care and self-mastery; (2) Social participation and health are associated with self-mastery; (3) The absence of external locus of control should also be included as an aspect of self-mastery; (4) Additional promoting and impeding factors for self-mastery (e.g., a daily structure, privacy, house rules). Based on these results we formulated guidelines for social and mental health-care workers to enhance their clients’ self-mastery.

KW - AGE

KW - COHERENCE

KW - EFFICACY

KW - ESTEEM

KW - HEALTH

KW - Homelessness

KW - LOCUS

KW - Mixed-method study

KW - OPTIMISM

KW - PESSIMISM

KW - Quality of life

KW - SCALE

KW - SENSE

KW - Self-mastery

KW - Social participation

U2 - 10.1007/s11205-019-02211-y

DO - 10.1007/s11205-019-02211-y

M3 - Article

JO - Social Indicators Research

JF - Social Indicators Research

SN - 0303-8300

ER -