The influence of future time perspective on work engagement and job performance: the role of job crafting.

T.A.M. Kooij, Tims, Akkermans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

This two-wave study aimed to examine future time perspective (FTP) as an antecedent of job crafting, and in turn job crafting as a mediator in associations between FTP and work outcomes. Based on the lifespan socio-emotional selectivity theory, we expected that open-ended and limited FTP would evoke different forms of job crafting, which in turn would be associated with changes in work engagement and job performance. In line with our expectations, we found that employees whose open-ended FTP increased over a 1-year time period also crafted more job resources and challenging job demands such that their job provided them with more opportunities for knowledge acquisition, which in turn resulted in increased levels of work engagement and job performance. However, contrary to our expectations, employees whose limited FTP increased over the 1-year time period did not proactively reduce their hindering job demands. Hence, although crafting fewer hindering job demands was directly related to decreased levels of work outcomes as expected, we found no indirect effect of changes in limited FTP on changes in work engagement and performance via changes in this job crafting behaviour. These findings have important implications for the literature on job crafting and FTP.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-15
JournalThe European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Time perspective
Work engagement
Job performance
Job demands
Work outcomes
Employees
Performance change
Knowledge acquisition
Emotion
Mediator
Work performance
Job resources
Life span
Selectivity
Indirect effects

Cite this

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title = "The influence of future time perspective on work engagement and job performance: the role of job crafting.",
abstract = "This two-wave study aimed to examine future time perspective (FTP) as an antecedent of job crafting, and in turn job crafting as a mediator in associations between FTP and work outcomes. Based on the lifespan socio-emotional selectivity theory, we expected that open-ended and limited FTP would evoke different forms of job crafting, which in turn would be associated with changes in work engagement and job performance. In line with our expectations, we found that employees whose open-ended FTP increased over a 1-year time period also crafted more job resources and challenging job demands such that their job provided them with more opportunities for knowledge acquisition, which in turn resulted in increased levels of work engagement and job performance. However, contrary to our expectations, employees whose limited FTP increased over the 1-year time period did not proactively reduce their hindering job demands. Hence, although crafting fewer hindering job demands was directly related to decreased levels of work outcomes as expected, we found no indirect effect of changes in limited FTP on changes in work engagement and performance via changes in this job crafting behaviour. These findings have important implications for the literature on job crafting and FTP.",
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The influence of future time perspective on work engagement and job performance: the role of job crafting. / Kooij, T.A.M.; Tims; Akkermans.

In: The European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, Vol. 26, No. 1, 2017, p. 4-15 .

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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