The longitudinal links of personality traits, values, and well-being and self-esteem

A five-wave study of a nationally representative sample

Velichko H. Fetvadjiev, Jia He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The existence of links between personality traits, values, and well-being and self-esteem is well established, but the nature and direction of these links have been less clearly understood. This study examines longitudinally the stability of traits and values, their mutual effects, and their effects on affective and cognitive well-being and self-esteem. We analyzed data from a nationally representative panel in The Netherlands, spanning 5 time points spread across 8 years (n = 5,159 to 7,021 per time point, total N = 11,890). We estimated latent state-trait models with autoregression and random-intercepts cross-lagged panel models to account for the trait-like, time-invariant stability of the constructs. Traits were more stable than values. The bidirectional effects tended to be significant, but could be distinguished by their relative size. Traits predicted values more strongly than they were predicted by values, and generally predicted well-being and self-esteem more strongly than values did. Traits predicted broad well-being (especially its affective aspects) more strongly than they were predicted by it; values, by contrast, were predicted by well-being (especially its cognitive aspects and self-esteem) more strongly than they predicted it. The findings highlight the central role of traits for personality functioning, while also supporting the mutual constitution of traits and other personality concepts. The results are discussed in the framework of different theoretical approaches to the composition of the broader personality system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)448-464
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume117
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Fingerprint

personality traits
self-esteem
well-being
Values
personality
Constitution and Bylaws
Netherlands
constitution
time

Keywords

  • BIG-5
  • CORE
  • MODELS
  • MOTIVATION
  • PERSPECTIVES
  • STABILITY
  • TESTS
  • VALIDATION
  • affective and cognitive well-being
  • personality traits and values
  • self-esteem
  • stability and predictive power

Cite this

@article{25f0171b378b46efa9f4af6a4cd0117e,
title = "The longitudinal links of personality traits, values, and well-being and self-esteem: A five-wave study of a nationally representative sample",
abstract = "The existence of links between personality traits, values, and well-being and self-esteem is well established, but the nature and direction of these links have been less clearly understood. This study examines longitudinally the stability of traits and values, their mutual effects, and their effects on affective and cognitive well-being and self-esteem. We analyzed data from a nationally representative panel in The Netherlands, spanning 5 time points spread across 8 years (n = 5,159 to 7,021 per time point, total N = 11,890). We estimated latent state-trait models with autoregression and random-intercepts cross-lagged panel models to account for the trait-like, time-invariant stability of the constructs. Traits were more stable than values. The bidirectional effects tended to be significant, but could be distinguished by their relative size. Traits predicted values more strongly than they were predicted by values, and generally predicted well-being and self-esteem more strongly than values did. Traits predicted broad well-being (especially its affective aspects) more strongly than they were predicted by it; values, by contrast, were predicted by well-being (especially its cognitive aspects and self-esteem) more strongly than they predicted it. The findings highlight the central role of traits for personality functioning, while also supporting the mutual constitution of traits and other personality concepts. The results are discussed in the framework of different theoretical approaches to the composition of the broader personality system.",
keywords = "BIG-5, CORE, MODELS, MOTIVATION, PERSPECTIVES, STABILITY, TESTS, VALIDATION, affective and cognitive well-being, personality traits and values, self-esteem, stability and predictive power",
author = "Fetvadjiev, {Velichko H.} and Jia He",
note = "Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported online in Journal of Personality and Social Psychology on Apr 4 2019.",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1037/pspp0000212",
language = "English",
volume = "117",
pages = "448--464",
journal = "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-3514",
publisher = "AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC",
number = "2",

}

The longitudinal links of personality traits, values, and well-being and self-esteem : A five-wave study of a nationally representative sample. / Fetvadjiev, Velichko H.; He, Jia.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 117, No. 2, 2019, p. 448-464.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The longitudinal links of personality traits, values, and well-being and self-esteem

T2 - A five-wave study of a nationally representative sample

AU - Fetvadjiev, Velichko H.

AU - He, Jia

N1 - Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported online in Journal of Personality and Social Psychology on Apr 4 2019.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The existence of links between personality traits, values, and well-being and self-esteem is well established, but the nature and direction of these links have been less clearly understood. This study examines longitudinally the stability of traits and values, their mutual effects, and their effects on affective and cognitive well-being and self-esteem. We analyzed data from a nationally representative panel in The Netherlands, spanning 5 time points spread across 8 years (n = 5,159 to 7,021 per time point, total N = 11,890). We estimated latent state-trait models with autoregression and random-intercepts cross-lagged panel models to account for the trait-like, time-invariant stability of the constructs. Traits were more stable than values. The bidirectional effects tended to be significant, but could be distinguished by their relative size. Traits predicted values more strongly than they were predicted by values, and generally predicted well-being and self-esteem more strongly than values did. Traits predicted broad well-being (especially its affective aspects) more strongly than they were predicted by it; values, by contrast, were predicted by well-being (especially its cognitive aspects and self-esteem) more strongly than they predicted it. The findings highlight the central role of traits for personality functioning, while also supporting the mutual constitution of traits and other personality concepts. The results are discussed in the framework of different theoretical approaches to the composition of the broader personality system.

AB - The existence of links between personality traits, values, and well-being and self-esteem is well established, but the nature and direction of these links have been less clearly understood. This study examines longitudinally the stability of traits and values, their mutual effects, and their effects on affective and cognitive well-being and self-esteem. We analyzed data from a nationally representative panel in The Netherlands, spanning 5 time points spread across 8 years (n = 5,159 to 7,021 per time point, total N = 11,890). We estimated latent state-trait models with autoregression and random-intercepts cross-lagged panel models to account for the trait-like, time-invariant stability of the constructs. Traits were more stable than values. The bidirectional effects tended to be significant, but could be distinguished by their relative size. Traits predicted values more strongly than they were predicted by values, and generally predicted well-being and self-esteem more strongly than values did. Traits predicted broad well-being (especially its affective aspects) more strongly than they were predicted by it; values, by contrast, were predicted by well-being (especially its cognitive aspects and self-esteem) more strongly than they predicted it. The findings highlight the central role of traits for personality functioning, while also supporting the mutual constitution of traits and other personality concepts. The results are discussed in the framework of different theoretical approaches to the composition of the broader personality system.

KW - BIG-5

KW - CORE

KW - MODELS

KW - MOTIVATION

KW - PERSPECTIVES

KW - STABILITY

KW - TESTS

KW - VALIDATION

KW - affective and cognitive well-being

KW - personality traits and values

KW - self-esteem

KW - stability and predictive power

U2 - 10.1037/pspp0000212

DO - 10.1037/pspp0000212

M3 - Article

VL - 117

SP - 448

EP - 464

JO - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

SN - 0022-3514

IS - 2

ER -