The missing-VP effect in readers of English as a second language

S.L. Frank, Patty Ernst, Robin Thompson, Rein Cozijn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

English sentences with double center-embedded clauses are read faster when they are made ungrammatical by removing one of the required verb phrases.This phenomenon is known as the missing-VP effect. German and Dutch speakers do not experience the missing-VP effect when reading their native language, but they do when reading English as a second language (L2). We investigate whether the missing-VP effect when reading L2 English occurs in native Dutch speakers because their knowledge of English is similar to that of native English speakers, or because of the difficulty of L2 reading. In an eye-tracking study, we compare the size of the missing-VP effect between native Dutch and native English participants, and across native Dutch participants with varying L2 English proficiency and exposure. Results provide evidence for both accounts, suggesting that both native-like knowledge of English andL2 reading difficulty play a role.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMemory & Cognition
Publication statusSubmitted - 2019

Fingerprint

Language
Reader
English as a Second Language
L2 Reading

Keywords

  • Sentence processing
  • Eye Movements
  • relative clauses
  • second language reading
  • grammaticality

Cite this

Frank, S. L., Ernst, P., Thompson, R., & Cozijn, R. (2019). The missing-VP effect in readers of English as a second language. Manuscript submitted for publication.
@article{28f3816f58f84ea5b6612f73e5ca60d1,
title = "The missing-VP effect in readers of English as a second language",
abstract = "English sentences with double center-embedded clauses are read faster when they are made ungrammatical by removing one of the required verb phrases.This phenomenon is known as the missing-VP effect. German and Dutch speakers do not experience the missing-VP effect when reading their native language, but they do when reading English as a second language (L2). We investigate whether the missing-VP effect when reading L2 English occurs in native Dutch speakers because their knowledge of English is similar to that of native English speakers, or because of the difficulty of L2 reading. In an eye-tracking study, we compare the size of the missing-VP effect between native Dutch and native English participants, and across native Dutch participants with varying L2 English proficiency and exposure. Results provide evidence for both accounts, suggesting that both native-like knowledge of English andL2 reading difficulty play a role.",
keywords = "Sentence processing, Eye Movements, relative clauses, second language reading, grammaticality",
author = "S.L. Frank and Patty Ernst and Robin Thompson and Rein Cozijn",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
journal = "Memory & Cognition : A Journal of the Psychonomic Society",
issn = "0090-502X",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

The missing-VP effect in readers of English as a second language. / Frank, S.L.; Ernst, Patty; Thompson, Robin; Cozijn, Rein.

In: Memory & Cognition, 2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The missing-VP effect in readers of English as a second language

AU - Frank, S.L.

AU - Ernst, Patty

AU - Thompson, Robin

AU - Cozijn, Rein

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - English sentences with double center-embedded clauses are read faster when they are made ungrammatical by removing one of the required verb phrases.This phenomenon is known as the missing-VP effect. German and Dutch speakers do not experience the missing-VP effect when reading their native language, but they do when reading English as a second language (L2). We investigate whether the missing-VP effect when reading L2 English occurs in native Dutch speakers because their knowledge of English is similar to that of native English speakers, or because of the difficulty of L2 reading. In an eye-tracking study, we compare the size of the missing-VP effect between native Dutch and native English participants, and across native Dutch participants with varying L2 English proficiency and exposure. Results provide evidence for both accounts, suggesting that both native-like knowledge of English andL2 reading difficulty play a role.

AB - English sentences with double center-embedded clauses are read faster when they are made ungrammatical by removing one of the required verb phrases.This phenomenon is known as the missing-VP effect. German and Dutch speakers do not experience the missing-VP effect when reading their native language, but they do when reading English as a second language (L2). We investigate whether the missing-VP effect when reading L2 English occurs in native Dutch speakers because their knowledge of English is similar to that of native English speakers, or because of the difficulty of L2 reading. In an eye-tracking study, we compare the size of the missing-VP effect between native Dutch and native English participants, and across native Dutch participants with varying L2 English proficiency and exposure. Results provide evidence for both accounts, suggesting that both native-like knowledge of English andL2 reading difficulty play a role.

KW - Sentence processing

KW - Eye Movements

KW - relative clauses

KW - second language reading

KW - grammaticality

M3 - Article

JO - Memory & Cognition : A Journal of the Psychonomic Society

JF - Memory & Cognition : A Journal of the Psychonomic Society

SN - 0090-502X

ER -