The motivational properties of hope in goal striving

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

We argue that hope is not an expectancy based on beliefs about pathways to desired goals and personal capacities to act on them, but an experience of the mere possibility of a desired outcome. We propose that in the latter sense, hope has unique motivational consequences for goal striving. Specifically, we predicted that hope buffers against the detrimental impact of negative feedback on goal-progress. The results of the two studies confirmed this prediction. In Study 1, we measured participants’ hopes of attaining a weight-loss goal. In Study 2, we induced hope at solving an unsolvable mathematical puzzle. In both studies, receiving negative feedback on goal-progress resulted in lower levels of success (Study 1) and persistence (Study 2) in goal-striving, but not for participants who experienced hope. We discuss the role of hope as an affective mechanism that functions to regulate energy expenditure in goal-striving.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)225-237
JournalCognition and Emotion
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Energy Metabolism
Negative Feedback
Expectancy
Prediction
Affective
Expenditure
Persistence
Pathway
Energy
Weight Loss

Cite this

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title = "The motivational properties of hope in goal striving",
abstract = "We argue that hope is not an expectancy based on beliefs about pathways to desired goals and personal capacities to act on them, but an experience of the mere possibility of a desired outcome. We propose that in the latter sense, hope has unique motivational consequences for goal striving. Specifically, we predicted that hope buffers against the detrimental impact of negative feedback on goal-progress. The results of the two studies confirmed this prediction. In Study 1, we measured participants’ hopes of attaining a weight-loss goal. In Study 2, we induced hope at solving an unsolvable mathematical puzzle. In both studies, receiving negative feedback on goal-progress resulted in lower levels of success (Study 1) and persistence (Study 2) in goal-striving, but not for participants who experienced hope. We discuss the role of hope as an affective mechanism that functions to regulate energy expenditure in goal-striving.",
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The motivational properties of hope in goal striving. / Nelissen, R.M.A.

In: Cognition and Emotion, Vol. 31, No. 2, 2017, p. 225-237.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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