The neglected contexts and outcomes of evidence-based management: A systematic scoping review in hospital settings

Tina Sahakian*, Lina Daouk-Oyry, Brigitte Kroon, Dorien Kooij, Mohamad Alameddine

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Purpose
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic highlighted the necessity of practicing Evidence-based Management (EBMgt) as an approach to decision-making in hospital settings. The literature, however, provides limited insight into the process of EBMgt and its contextual nuances. Such insight is critical for better leveraging EBMgt in practice. Therefore, the authors' aim was to integrate the literature on the process of EBMgt in hospital settings, identify the gaps in knowledge and delineate areas for future research.

Design/methodology/approach
The authors conducted a systematic scoping review using an innovative methodology that involved two systematic searches. First using EBMgt terminology and second using terminology associated with the EBMgt concept, which the authors derived from the first search.

Findings
The authors identified 218 relevant articles, which using content analysis, they mapped onto the grounded model of the EBMgt process; a novel model of the EBMgt process developed by Sahakian and colleagues. The authors found that the English language literature provides limited insight into the role of managers' perceptions and motives in EBMgt, the practice of EBMgt in Global South countries, and the outcomes of EBMgt. Overall, this study’s findings indicated that aspects of the decision-maker, context and outcomes have been neglected in EBMgt.

Originality/value
The authors contributed to the EBMgt literature by identifying these gaps and proposing future research areas and to the systematic review literature by developing a novel scoping review method.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-65
JournalJournal of Health Organization and Management
Volume36
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • DECISION-MAKING
  • Evidence-based management (EBMgt)
  • FRAMEWORK
  • HEALTH-CARE
  • Healthcare management
  • Healthcare managers
  • Hospitals
  • IMPROVE
  • Management decision-making
  • OPERATIONS
  • PERFORMANCE
  • QUALITY-OF-CARE
  • Systematic scoping review
  • TECHNOLOGY

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