The network structure of personality pathology in adolescence with the 100-Item Personality Inventory for DSM-5 Short-Form (PID-5-SF)

Amy See*, Theo Klimstra, Angélique Cramer, Jaap Denissen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


There is currently a lack of understanding of the structure of personality disorder (PD) trait facets. The network approach may be useful in providing additional insights, uncovering the unique association of each PD trait facet with every other facet. A unique feature of network analysis is centrality, which indicates the importance of the role a trait facet plays in the context of other trait facets. Using data from 1,940 community Dutch adolescents, we applied network analysis to the 25 trait facets from the 100-item Personality Inventory for DSM-5 Short-Form (PID-5-SF) to explore their associations. We found that some trait facets only seem to be core indicators of their pre-ordained domains, whereas we observed that other trait facets were strongly associated with trait facets outside of their hypothesized domains. Importantly, anxiousness and callousness were identified as highly central facets, being uniquely associated with many other trait facets. Future longitudinal network studies could therefore further examine the possibility of anxiousness and callousness as risk marker trait facets among other PD trait facets.
Original languageEnglish
Article number823
Number of pages10
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • personality disorders, adolescence, PID-5, network approach, personality pathology

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