The perceived value of team players: A longitudinal study of how group identification affects status in work groups

L. Meeussen, H. van Dijk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Theory and research on status attainment in work groups primarily focuses on members’ abilities and characteristics that make them appear competent as predictors of their status in the group. We complement the abilities perspective with a social identity perspective by arguing that another important determinant of a member’s status is based on the extent to which the member serves the group’s interests. Specifically, we assert that a member’s identification with the group affects performance on behalf of the group, which in turn affects other members’ assessment of the member’s status. We test this social identity perspective on status attainment by studying the influence of members’ group identification on their performance and status in the group, while controlling for the members’ abilities and status characteristics. In a three-wave longitudinal field study following 33 work groups during a six-month group project, we find that members’ identification enhances their performance on behalf of the group, which in turn increases their status within the group. As such, our study advances insights in the determinants of status attainment in work groups and points to the relevance of the social identity approach for research on the antecedents of status in work groups.
Keywords: status, work groups, group identification, performance, abilities
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-211
JournalThe European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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