The Potential of Interactive Digital Narratives. Agency and Multiple Perspectives in Last Hijack Interactive

Renske van Enschot*, Iris Boogaard, Hartmut Koenitz, Christian Roth

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Interactive Digital Narratives (IDN) have the capacity to represent
multiple, even competing perspectives and to allow audiences to change
between them. Such meaningful changes have been defined as agency by
Murray [1] transforming the audience into interactors. These experiential
qualities of interactive digital narrative (IDN) define the potential of the form to
improve the representation and understanding of complex topics. In this paper,
we present an initial study designed to evaluate this potential of IDN by means
of the complex topic of piracy in the region of Somalia. To this end, we ran an
experiment comparing interactive and non-interactive versions of Last Hijack
Interactive, an award-winning Dutch interactive documentary. With this study,
we contribute to the establishment of an evaluation framework that can be used
to more clearly identify the potential of IDN in terms of representing and
understanding complexity. We discuss the results and propose next steps.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInteractive Storytelling
Subtitle of host publication12th International Conference on Interactive Digital Storytelling, ICIDS 2019
EditorsRogelio E. Cardona-Rivera, Anne Sullivan, R. Michael Young
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9783030338947
ISBN (Print)9783030338930
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019


  • narrative complexity
  • interactive documentary
  • interactive digital narrative
  • user experience evaluation


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