The Price of Ethics

Evidence from Socially Responsible Mutual Funds

L.D.R. Renneboog, J.R. Ter Horst, C. Zhang

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

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Abstract

This paper estimates the price of ethics by studying the risk-return relation in socially responsible investment (SRI) funds. Consistent with investors paying a price for ethics, SRI funds in many European and Asia-Pacific countries strongly underperform domestic benchmark portfolios by about 5% per annum, although UK and US SRI funds do not significantly underperform their benchmarks. The underperformance of SRI funds does not seem to be driven by the loadings on an ethical risk factor. SRI funds do not suffer a cost of reduced selectivity nor do SRI funds managers time the market. There is mixed evidence of a smart money effect: SRI investors are unable to identify the funds that will outperform in the future, whereas they show some fund-selection ability in identifying ethical funds that will perform poorly. The screening activities of SRI funds have a significant impact on funds’ riskadjusted returns and loadings on risk factors: corporate governance and social screens generate better risk-adjusted returns whereas other screens (e.g. environmental ones) yield significantly lower returns.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTilburg
PublisherTILEC
Number of pages47
Volume2007-012
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Publication series

NameTILEC Discussion Paper
Volume2007-012

Fingerprint

Socially responsible investment
Mutual funds
Investment funds
Investors
Risk factors
Screening
Benchmark
Underperformance
Smart money
Corporate governance
Risk-return
Benchmark portfolio
Asia-Pacific
Risk-adjusted returns
Selectivity
Fund managers
Costs

Keywords

  • ethics
  • mutual funds
  • socially responsible investing
  • investment screens
  • smart money
  • risk loadings

Cite this

Renneboog, L. D. R., Ter Horst, J. R., & Zhang, C. (2007). The Price of Ethics: Evidence from Socially Responsible Mutual Funds. (TILEC Discussion Paper; Vol. 2007-012). Tilburg: TILEC.
Renneboog, L.D.R. ; Ter Horst, J.R. ; Zhang, C. / The Price of Ethics : Evidence from Socially Responsible Mutual Funds. Tilburg : TILEC, 2007. (TILEC Discussion Paper).
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Renneboog, LDR, Ter Horst, JR & Zhang, C 2007 'The Price of Ethics: Evidence from Socially Responsible Mutual Funds' TILEC Discussion Paper, vol. 2007-012, TILEC, Tilburg.

The Price of Ethics : Evidence from Socially Responsible Mutual Funds. / Renneboog, L.D.R.; Ter Horst, J.R.; Zhang, C.

Tilburg : TILEC, 2007. (TILEC Discussion Paper; Vol. 2007-012).

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paperOther research output

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AB - This paper estimates the price of ethics by studying the risk-return relation in socially responsible investment (SRI) funds. Consistent with investors paying a price for ethics, SRI funds in many European and Asia-Pacific countries strongly underperform domestic benchmark portfolios by about 5% per annum, although UK and US SRI funds do not significantly underperform their benchmarks. The underperformance of SRI funds does not seem to be driven by the loadings on an ethical risk factor. SRI funds do not suffer a cost of reduced selectivity nor do SRI funds managers time the market. There is mixed evidence of a smart money effect: SRI investors are unable to identify the funds that will outperform in the future, whereas they show some fund-selection ability in identifying ethical funds that will perform poorly. The screening activities of SRI funds have a significant impact on funds’ riskadjusted returns and loadings on risk factors: corporate governance and social screens generate better risk-adjusted returns whereas other screens (e.g. environmental ones) yield significantly lower returns.

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KW - socially responsible investing

KW - investment screens

KW - smart money

KW - risk loadings

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Renneboog LDR, Ter Horst JR, Zhang C. The Price of Ethics: Evidence from Socially Responsible Mutual Funds. Tilburg: TILEC. 2007. (TILEC Discussion Paper).