The relation between specialty choice of psychology students and their interests, personality, and cognitive abilities

J.M. Wicherts, H.C.M. Vorst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate differences in interests, personality, and cognitive abilities between students majoring in the six specialties of psychology at the University of Amsterdam. Results show that students at Social Psychology and Work and Organizational Psychology were on average more extraverted than students of other specializations, that students of Psychological Methods and Psychonomics were relatively more open to experience, and that students at Clinical Psychology were on average more neurotic. Differences in cognitive ability were small, but significant, with the highest scores among students of the more research-oriented specialties. With discriminant analyses on the basis of nine interest scales, 53% of the students were correctly categorized in the specialization chosen two or years after interests were measured. Interest profiles of the specialties follow differences in interest in helping people, abstract vs. concrete topics, and technical issues. Person-specialization congruence failed to predict academic performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)494-500
Number of pages7
JournalLearning and Individual Differences
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

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psychology student
cognitive ability
personality
specialization
student
organizational psychology
clinical psychology
Discriminant Analysis
social psychology
longitudinal study
social work
psychology
human being
performance

Cite this

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The relation between specialty choice of psychology students and their interests, personality, and cognitive abilities. / Wicherts, J.M.; Vorst, H.C.M.

In: Learning and Individual Differences, Vol. 20, No. 5, 2010, p. 494-500.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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