The role of the position effect in theory and simulation

Anton Kuehberger*, Christoph Kogler, Angelika Hug, Evelyne Moesl

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

We contribute to the empirical debate on whether we understand and predict mental states by using simulation (simulation theory) or by relying on a folk psychological theory (theory theory). To decide between these two fundamental positions, it has been argued that failure to predict other people's choices would be challenging evidence against the simulation view. We test the specific claim that people prefer the rightmost position in choosing among equally valued objects, and whether or not this position bias can be correctly predicted. A series of experiments shows that the bias appears only in a specific spatial arrangement and that it can be correctly predicted given adequate imaginative input. In concert with other recent findings on the correct prediction of choices these findings do actually strengthen, rather than challenge, the simulation account on the prediction of mental states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)610-625
Number of pages16
JournalMind and Language
Volume21
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COGNITIVE PENETRABILITY
  • VERBAL REPORTS

Cite this

Kuehberger, A., Kogler, C., Hug, A., & Moesl, E. (2006). The role of the position effect in theory and simulation. Mind and Language, 21(5), 610-625.
Kuehberger, Anton ; Kogler, Christoph ; Hug, Angelika ; Moesl, Evelyne. / The role of the position effect in theory and simulation. In: Mind and Language. 2006 ; Vol. 21, No. 5. pp. 610-625.
@article{950364ac676c426cba4a1d9237904485,
title = "The role of the position effect in theory and simulation",
abstract = "We contribute to the empirical debate on whether we understand and predict mental states by using simulation (simulation theory) or by relying on a folk psychological theory (theory theory). To decide between these two fundamental positions, it has been argued that failure to predict other people's choices would be challenging evidence against the simulation view. We test the specific claim that people prefer the rightmost position in choosing among equally valued objects, and whether or not this position bias can be correctly predicted. A series of experiments shows that the bias appears only in a specific spatial arrangement and that it can be correctly predicted given adequate imaginative input. In concert with other recent findings on the correct prediction of choices these findings do actually strengthen, rather than challenge, the simulation account on the prediction of mental states.",
keywords = "COGNITIVE PENETRABILITY, VERBAL REPORTS",
author = "Anton Kuehberger and Christoph Kogler and Angelika Hug and Evelyne Moesl",
year = "2006",
month = "11",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "610--625",
journal = "Mind and Language",
issn = "0268-1064",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing",
number = "5",

}

Kuehberger, A, Kogler, C, Hug, A & Moesl, E 2006, 'The role of the position effect in theory and simulation', Mind and Language, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 610-625.

The role of the position effect in theory and simulation. / Kuehberger, Anton; Kogler, Christoph; Hug, Angelika; Moesl, Evelyne.

In: Mind and Language, Vol. 21, No. 5, 11.2006, p. 610-625.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of the position effect in theory and simulation

AU - Kuehberger, Anton

AU - Kogler, Christoph

AU - Hug, Angelika

AU - Moesl, Evelyne

PY - 2006/11

Y1 - 2006/11

N2 - We contribute to the empirical debate on whether we understand and predict mental states by using simulation (simulation theory) or by relying on a folk psychological theory (theory theory). To decide between these two fundamental positions, it has been argued that failure to predict other people's choices would be challenging evidence against the simulation view. We test the specific claim that people prefer the rightmost position in choosing among equally valued objects, and whether or not this position bias can be correctly predicted. A series of experiments shows that the bias appears only in a specific spatial arrangement and that it can be correctly predicted given adequate imaginative input. In concert with other recent findings on the correct prediction of choices these findings do actually strengthen, rather than challenge, the simulation account on the prediction of mental states.

AB - We contribute to the empirical debate on whether we understand and predict mental states by using simulation (simulation theory) or by relying on a folk psychological theory (theory theory). To decide between these two fundamental positions, it has been argued that failure to predict other people's choices would be challenging evidence against the simulation view. We test the specific claim that people prefer the rightmost position in choosing among equally valued objects, and whether or not this position bias can be correctly predicted. A series of experiments shows that the bias appears only in a specific spatial arrangement and that it can be correctly predicted given adequate imaginative input. In concert with other recent findings on the correct prediction of choices these findings do actually strengthen, rather than challenge, the simulation account on the prediction of mental states.

KW - COGNITIVE PENETRABILITY

KW - VERBAL REPORTS

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 610

EP - 625

JO - Mind and Language

JF - Mind and Language

SN - 0268-1064

IS - 5

ER -

Kuehberger A, Kogler C, Hug A, Moesl E. The role of the position effect in theory and simulation. Mind and Language. 2006 Nov;21(5):610-625.