Threat to national identity continuity: When affirmation procedures increase the acceptance of Muslim immigrants

Constantina Badea, Michael Bender, Helene Korda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

European majority group members increasingly perceive threats to national continuity, which in turn leads to defensive reactions, including prejudice against Muslim immigrants. However, according to self-affirmation theory, individuals can respond in a less defensive manner if they have affirmed positive aspects of their self-concept (self-affirmation) or their social identity (group-affirmation). In the present research, we test the potential of affirmation procedures as tools for reducing prejudice towards Muslim immigrants when national continuity is threatened. We examine the impact of personal vs. normative attachment to Christian roots of national identity on the efficacy of affirmation procedures, and the congruence between the threatened and the affirmed domains of the self. Results show that group-affirmation reduced opposition to Muslims’ rights amongst participants personally attached to the idea that national continuity is based on Christian roots. The discussion stresses the importance of non-congruence between the threatened domain of the self and the affirmed domain for the design of affirmation procedures.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Intercultural Relations
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2020

Fingerprint

Islam
national identity
Muslim
continuity
acceptance
immigrant
threat
prejudice
self-concept
group membership
opposition
Group
National identity
Immigrants
Muslims
Threat
Continuity
Acceptance
Prejudice

Keywords

  • Muslim immigrants
  • group-affirmation
  • national continuity
  • self-affirmation

Cite this

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title = "Threat to national identity continuity: When affirmation procedures increase the acceptance of Muslim immigrants",
abstract = "European majority group members increasingly perceive threats to national continuity, which in turn leads to defensive reactions, including prejudice against Muslim immigrants. However, according to self-affirmation theory, individuals can respond in a less defensive manner if they have affirmed positive aspects of their self-concept (self-affirmation) or their social identity (group-affirmation). In the present research, we test the potential of affirmation procedures as tools for reducing prejudice towards Muslim immigrants when national continuity is threatened. We examine the impact of personal vs. normative attachment to Christian roots of national identity on the efficacy of affirmation procedures, and the congruence between the threatened and the affirmed domains of the self. Results show that group-affirmation reduced opposition to Muslims’ rights amongst participants personally attached to the idea that national continuity is based on Christian roots. The discussion stresses the importance of non-congruence between the threatened domain of the self and the affirmed domain for the design of affirmation procedures.",
keywords = "Muslim immigrants, group-affirmation, national continuity, self-affirmation",
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Threat to national identity continuity : When affirmation procedures increase the acceptance of Muslim immigrants. / Badea, Constantina; Bender, Michael; Korda, Helene.

In: International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Threat to national identity continuity

T2 - When affirmation procedures increase the acceptance of Muslim immigrants

AU - Badea, Constantina

AU - Bender, Michael

AU - Korda, Helene

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - European majority group members increasingly perceive threats to national continuity, which in turn leads to defensive reactions, including prejudice against Muslim immigrants. However, according to self-affirmation theory, individuals can respond in a less defensive manner if they have affirmed positive aspects of their self-concept (self-affirmation) or their social identity (group-affirmation). In the present research, we test the potential of affirmation procedures as tools for reducing prejudice towards Muslim immigrants when national continuity is threatened. We examine the impact of personal vs. normative attachment to Christian roots of national identity on the efficacy of affirmation procedures, and the congruence between the threatened and the affirmed domains of the self. Results show that group-affirmation reduced opposition to Muslims’ rights amongst participants personally attached to the idea that national continuity is based on Christian roots. The discussion stresses the importance of non-congruence between the threatened domain of the self and the affirmed domain for the design of affirmation procedures.

AB - European majority group members increasingly perceive threats to national continuity, which in turn leads to defensive reactions, including prejudice against Muslim immigrants. However, according to self-affirmation theory, individuals can respond in a less defensive manner if they have affirmed positive aspects of their self-concept (self-affirmation) or their social identity (group-affirmation). In the present research, we test the potential of affirmation procedures as tools for reducing prejudice towards Muslim immigrants when national continuity is threatened. We examine the impact of personal vs. normative attachment to Christian roots of national identity on the efficacy of affirmation procedures, and the congruence between the threatened and the affirmed domains of the self. Results show that group-affirmation reduced opposition to Muslims’ rights amongst participants personally attached to the idea that national continuity is based on Christian roots. The discussion stresses the importance of non-congruence between the threatened domain of the self and the affirmed domain for the design of affirmation procedures.

KW - Muslim immigrants

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KW - national continuity

KW - self-affirmation

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