Together or apart? The relationship between currency and banking crises

Sylvester Eijffinger, Bilge Karatas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study is to provide empirical evidence on the links between currency and banking crises. Panel data probit and bivariate probit models are estimated to a sample of 21 developed and developing countries having monthly observations between the years 1985 and 2010. The findings indicate that banking crises precede currency crises, and vice versa. Currency crises also indirectly influence future banking crises probability through external shocks, liberalized financial markets, or highly-leveraged banking sectors. The study also finds evidence of contemporaneous correlation between the two crises. The results not only confirm the theoretical links between banking and currency crises, but also underline the importance of higher frequency data in analyzing the relationship between various financial crises.
Original languageEnglish
Article number105631
JournalJournal of Banking & Finance
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2020


  • banking crisis
  • currency crisis
  • twin crisis


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